Colonialism, Tropical Disease, and Imperial Medicine: Rockefeller Philanthropy in Sri Lanka
For centuries, cultural imperialism has been practiced by Western colonizing nations seeking to extend their hegemony around the globe. In this insightful study, Hewa sheds new light on the often ignored role that Western medicine has played in this expansionist project. At the center of his analysis, the author cites colonial economic policies both as the facilitator of the spread of epidemic diseases in the tropics and as a vehicle for promoting the superiority of Western medicine that sought their cure. Sri Lanka is the geographical focus of the study, providing the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of European colonial policies on the health and disease of that population. Hewa concentrates primarily on the British and American cultural imperialism and how against this backdrop the intervention of Rockefeller philanthropy in Sri Lanka is examined.
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SETTLERS AND COLONIZERS BACKGROUND
COLONIAL LABOR AND TROPICAL DISEASE
ROCKEFELLER PHILANTHROPIC MEDICINE IN SRI LANKA
TAKING THE CAMPAIGN TO VILLAGES AND TOWNS
HEALTH UNITS SANITATION AND PUBLIC HEALTH
VOLUNTEERS TO PROFESSIONALS NURSING EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Anchylostomiasis Annual Report became British colonial Central province cholera Colombo colonial administration Control of Hookworm coolies cured Department of Medical Disease in Ceylon dispensaries Dr Heiser Dutch economic epidemic eradication established estates European colonies health services health unit areas health unit program hookworm campaign hookworm disease hookworm infection hospitals Ibid IHB officials IHB representatives IHB's immigrant laborers important improve increased India Indian labor industrial capitalists International Health Board island Jacocks Kalutara district Kalutara health unit Kanganies large number latrines major malaria Matara maternal Medical and Sanitary native nineteenth century North-Western province number of deaths nursing program Ordinance PCMO percent personnel pharmaceutical planters political population public health nurses rate of infection recommendations recruited reinfection Relief and Control result Rockefeller Foundation sanitary conditions Sanitary Services sanitation Silva Sinhalese SLNA smallpox social Sri Lanka survey treatment Trincomalee Uragoda Uva provinces villages Western province