Colonias in Arizona and New Mexico: Border Poverty and Community Development Solutions

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University of Arizona Press, 2008 - Political Science - 202 pages
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There are approximately half a million people living in 227 officially designated colonias in southern Arizona and New Mexico. These border communities are characterized by poor-quality housing, a lack of infrastructure (paved roads, water and sewer systems, and electricity), high levels of poverty and unemployment, and a disproportionate concentration of Hispanics. These colonias comprise one of the country’s largest pockets of poverty. Even so, little is known about these towns or the people who live in them. This book provides the first comprehensive treatment of Arizona and New Mexico colonias, with the aim of increasing their visibility and promoting community development. Beginning with an examination of the origins of borderregion settlement and the emergence of colonias in southern Arizona and New Mexico in the late 1800s, the book then turns to an assessment of current social, economic, and housing conditions. The authors also examine how Mexico’s recent economic crises and U.S. immigration and border security policies have shaped the quality of life in colonias, and they evaluate recent community development initiatives. By examining the challenges and successes of these recent efforts, the authors are able to provide a generalized plan for community development. Balancing analyses of these communities with a review of the positive steps taken to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants, Colonias in Arizona and New Mexico is an indispensable tool for anyone interested in public policy or immigration issues.

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A Brief History of the U S Mexico Border Region
Economic Development in Southern Arizona
The Social and Economic Characteristics of Colonias

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Abbeyville African American agencies agriculture Alamogordo Anglo Apache apprehensions areas Arizona colonias Arizona legislature Arizona Territory assistance associations border region border security Bracero Program California capacity building Casey Foundation census designated places chapter Chinese Exclusion Act cities Ciudad Juarez Clinton Administration Cochise County colo colonia community colonia counties colonia population colonia residents colonias in Arizona community center community development contract for deed Cory Fleming dependency ratio Dona Ana County Donelson economic efforts El Paso especially et al example farm federal foreign-born population Fort Huachuca funding Gadsden Purchase grassroots growth Hispanic Hispanic colonia Holguin housing immigration policy Immigration Reform impacts improve income incorporated Industrial Area Foundation industries infrastructure IRCA Kearney and Knopp La Paz County labor Lake Arthur Las Cruces leaders leadership located long-term maquiladoras median median household income ment Mesilla Valley Mexican Mexican Americans Mexican peso Mexico colonias Mexico Territory micro-credit Mirasol morphology NAFTA needs neoliberalism networks NGOs nias nity Nogales nomic nonlocal nonprofit Operation Gatekeeper Operation Wetback organizations per capita income percent peso devaluations Pima Pirtleville poverty poverty line problems programs Quartzsite Rio Grande Valley role rural San Cristobal San Diego Sanborn Map settlement social Socorro Somerton Sonora southern Arizona Southern Pacific Railroad Spanish strategy subdivisions Subprime lending Sunland Park Texas Tijuana tion Tucson U.S. Border Patrol U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department U.S.-Mexico border unauthorized immigration unincorporated areas unincorporated colonias unincorporated communities United University of Arizona urban Virden War on Drugs workers World War II Yuma Yuma County Yuma Proving Ground

About the author (2008)

Adrian X. Esparza is an associate professor in the School of Natural Resources at the University of Arizona. He is co-author of Colonias in Arizona and New Mexico: Border Poverty and Community Development Solutions, also published by the University of Arizona Press. Angela J. Donelson is president of Donelson Consulting in Tucson. and co-author of Colonias in Arizona and New Mexico: Border Poverty and Community Development Solutions, also published by the University of Arizona Press.

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