Coloring Locals: Racial Formation in Katie Chopin's "Youth's Companion" Stories

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University of Iowa Press, Apr 1, 2005 - Literary Criticism - 176 pages
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Coloring Locals examines how the late nineteenth-century politics of gender, class, race, and ethnicity influenced Kate Chopin's writing for the major family periodical of her time.

Chopin's canonical status as a feminist rebel and reformer conflicts with the fact that one of her most supportive publishers throughout her life was the Youth's Companion, a juvenile periodical whose thoroughly orthodox “family values” contributed to its success as the longest-running and, at one time, most widely circulating periodical in nineteenth-century America. Not surprisingly, Chopin’s Youth’s Companion stories differ from her canonical texts in that they embrace and advance ideals of orthodox white femininity and masculinity. Rather than viewing these two representations as being at odds with each other, Bonnie Shaker asserts that Chopin's endorsement of conventional gender norms is done in the service of a second political agenda beyond her feminism, one that can help the reader appreciate nuances of identity construction previously misunderstood or overlooked in the body of her work. Shaker articulates this second agenda as “the discursive act of coloring locals,” the narrative construction of racial difference for Louisiana peoples of African American, Native American, and French American ancestry. For Chopin, “coloring locals” meant transforming non-Louisianans’ general understanding of the Creole and Cajun as mixed-race people into “purely” white folks, this designation of whiteness being one that conferred not only social preferment but also political protections and enfranchisement in one of the most racially violent decades of U.S. history. Thus, when Chopin is concerned with coloring her beloved Louisiana Creoles and Cajuns “white,” she strategically deploys conventional femininity for the benefits it affords as a sign of middle-class respectability and belonging. Making significant contributions both to the scholarship on Kate Chopin and on race and gender construction, this sophisticated study will be of great interest to scholars and students of nineteenth-century ethnic and cultural studies as well as Chopin scholars.
 

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Contents

Authorship Authorization and Authority
1
For Marse Chouchoute A Wizard from Gettysburg and A Rude Awakening
28
Motherhood Lore Childhood Lore and the Matter of Prejudice in Five Companion Tales
57
After The Awakening Charlie and Conventional Returns
94
Notes
125
Bibliography
139
Index
147
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Bonnie James Shaker teaches in the English Department at Youngstown State University. Her articles on Kate Chopin have been published in the journal Louisiana Literature and in the collections The Only Efficient Instrument: American Women Writers and the Periodical, 1837-1916 (Iowa, 2001) and Defining Print Culture for Youth. 

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