Columbia Gorge: A Unique American Treasure
The Columbia River Gorge in Wash. State is one of the most majestic and unique areas in the world. Here the Columbia River carved out the only sea-level break through the Cascade range on its way to the Pacific Ocean. With the Cascades towering as high as 4,000 feet on either side of the river, one finds an everchanging panorama from lush Douglas-fir forests, craggy stands of pine and oaks, majestic stone-faced cliffs, and spectacular waterfalls, to windswept plateaus and semi-arid conditions. This illustrated document brings together information on its history, geology, ecology, natural resources, fisheries, and mgmt. issues.
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Anticline Basalt Beacon Rock became began Binfords and Mort Bonneville Dam Bridge Broughton built cannery canyons Cape Horn Cascade Locks Celilo Falls cliffs Columbia Gorge Columbia River Gorge Columbia River Highway construction Crown Point Dalles Dalles Dam developed Douglas-fir Eagle Creek early east eastern explorers feet fishing fishwheel flume forest Greenleaf Peak Hill Historic Indian Hood River Idaho Indian Village Island Klickitat Lake land landslide Larch Mountain Lewis and Clark Long Narrows Memaloose million Mosier Multnomah Falls north side Oregon Historical Society Pacific Northwest Park petroglyphs pioneers plants Plateau portage railroad Portland rapids River frozen River valley road Rowena scabland Seattle second powerhouse settlements Shellrock Mountain Significant geological feature Skamania south side species square miles steamboats Stevenson tion trade Trail Troutdale Tyhee Saghalie umbia River Underwood volcanoes wagon Walla Washington side Washougal Wildlife Willamette Valley Wind Mountain Wishram Yakima Basalt
Page 43 - Steamboat traffic transformed the Columbia River into a busy commercial highway; however, even these powerful sternwheelers could not ascend the falls and rapids of the Gorge...