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abroad Achille Lauro aircraft airport antiterrorism antiterrorist bomb Central Intelligence Agency combat terrorism communications Congress coordination counterterrorism counterterrorist countries coverage crisis management Defense Department of Justice departments and agencies diplomatic domestic efforts Egyptair Flight 648 established extradition facilities Federal Aviation Administration Group on Terrorism hijacking hostage-taking Incidents graph interagency working groups Interdepartmental Group international cooperation International Maritime Organization international terrorism International Terrorist Incidents investigation jurisdiction killed law enforcement legislation loopholes managing terrorist incidents military multilateral murdered National Programming Document National Security Council officials organizations overseas personnel physical security political potential President program to combat prosecution protection recommendations response options Response to Terrorists Rhein-Main Air Base safehaven sanctions security programs targets Task Force TERRORISM Terrorism terrorist acts terrorist attacks terrorist groups TWA Flight 847 U.S. citizens U.S. Government U.S. Navy U.S. policy United vulnerability West Germany worldwide
Page 5 - Fully 60 percent of the Third World population is under 20 years of age; half are 15 years or less. These population pressures create a volatile mixture of youthful aspirations that when coupled with economic and political frustrations help form a large pool of potential terrorists.
Page 35 - ... education effort would take the form of publications, such as this report, seminars and speaking opportunities by government officials. Working with the Media Terrorists deliberately manufacture sensations to capture maximum media attention— a ploy that often takes advantage of US press freedom. This activity can be offset by close communication between media and government. The US Government should provide the media with timely information during a terrorist crisis. The media, in turn, should...
Page 34 - States in the use of firearms and explosives and seek additional legislation if necessary. Stop Terrorist Abuse of the Freedom of Information Act Members of terrorist groups may have used the Freedom of Information Act to identify FBI informants, frustrate FBI investigations and tie up government resources in responding to requests. This would be a clear abuse of the Act that should be investigated by the Department of Justice and, if confirmed, addressed through legislation to close the loophole....
Page 28 - ... prepare, and submit to the NSC for approval, policy criteria for deciding when, if and how to use force to preempt, react and retaliate. This framework will offer decisionmaking bodies a workable set of standards by which to judge each terrorist threat or incident. The use of this framework also would reassure the American people that government response is formulated consistently. Criteria for developing response options might include the following: • Potential for injury to innocent victims...
Page 6 - ... penetration efforts. State-sponsored or aided terrorist groups frequently are larger in numbers, have the advantage of protection by state agencies and are able to access state intelligence resources. Because of this host country-provided safehaven and the compartmented operations of terrorist organizations, it is extremely difficult to penetrate such groups. Moreover, they are subject to limited control by their sponsors and may be expected to carry out attacks for them. The reasons for state...
Page 28 - However, the Interdepartmental Group on Terrorism should prepare, and submit to the NSC for approval, policy criteria for deciding when, if and how to use force to preempt, react and retaliate. This framework will offer decisionmaking bodies a workable set of standards by which to judge each terrorist threat or incident. The use of this framework also would reassure the American people that government response is formulated consistently. Criteria for developing response options might include the...
Page 18 - Military actions may serve to deter future terrorist acts and could also encourage other countries to take a harder line. Successful employment, however, depends on timely and refined intelligence and prompt positioning of forces. Counterterrorism missions are high-risk/high-gain operations which can have a severe negative impact on US prestige if they fail. A US military show of force may intimidate the terrorists and their sponsors. It would not immediately risk more US lives or prestige and could...
Page 41 - ... and facilities Department of Defense Defense Department agencies involved in combatting terrorism include the National Security Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Individual armed services antiterrorist programs supplement the overall Defense Department effort. After the Iranian hostage rescue attempt, the Department of Defense established a counterterrorist organization with permanent staff and specialized forces. These forces, which report to the National...
Page 12 - The US Government will make no concessions to terrorists. It will not pay ransoms, release prisoners, change its policies or agree to other acts that might encourage additional terrorism. At the same time, the United States will use every available resource to gain the safe return of American citizens who are held hostage by terrorists. • The United States will act in a strong manner against terrorists without surrendering bask freedoms or endangering democratic principles, and encourages other...
Page 17 - Department of Justice (FBI) for incidents within the United States: and the Federal Aviation Administration of the Department of Transportation for hijacked aircraft in flight. Lead Agencies assume coordination responsibilities in addition to their statutory functions. The Lead Agency cannot exercise exclusive jurisdiction, but has the lead because of primary operational and policy responsibilities in the area concerned. It is expected to discharge its own functions and ensure that interests of other...