Combining the Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Poverty Measurement and Analysis: The Practice and the Potential, Volumes 23-366

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World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1997 - Social Science - 30 pages
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This study examines the impact of paddy irrigation investments, operations, and maintenance in Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, as well as the conclusions of a performance audit of flood control schemes at three sites in Bangladesh. Findings from the review contradict the dominant model for government-operated, gravity-fed irrigation schemes in the humid tropics. The irrigation schemes are performing less well than expected at appraisal, mainly because of falling paddy prices, overoptimism about the crop area served, and project design faults. Results emphasize the value of co-production, involving pragmatic approaches to operation and maintenance under which public irrigation agencies, local authorities, and farmers work together to address specific problems and strengthen appropriate incentives.
 

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Page 9 - PRA is a label given to a growing family of participatory approaches and methods that emphasis local knowledge and enable local people to do their own appraisal, analysis, and planning. PRA uses group animation and exercises to facilitate information sharing, analysis and action among stakeholders.
Page 29 - The Social Dimensions of Adjustment Priority Survey. An Instrument for the Rapid Identification and Monitoring of Policy Target Groups', Social Dimensions of Adjustment in SubSaharan Africa, Working Paper 12, World Bank, Washington DC.
Page 4 - ... and Deaton (1988). Households also differ in size and composition, and so a simple comparison of aggregate household consumption could be quite misleading about the well-being of individual members of a given household.4' Most analysts now recognize this problem, and use some form of normalization. For a household of any given size and demographic composition (such as one male adult, one female adult, and two children) an equivalence scale measures the number of adult males (typically) which...
Page 9 - ... and planning, implementing and evaluating development activities. Participatory approaches, such as Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), offer a creative approach to information sharing, and a challenge to prevailing biases and preconceptions about rural people's knowledge.
Page 4 - Walk- 1991; data available from the author.) In short, this cross-country comparison does suggest that real poverty lines will tend to increase with growth, but they will do so slowly for the poorest countries.72 Notions of 'absolute poverty...
Page 1 - The quantitative approach to poverty measurement and analysis is defined here as one that typically uses random sample surveys and structured interviews to collect data — mainly, quantifiable data — and analyzes it using statistical techniques. By contrast, the qualitative approach is defined as one that typically uses purposive sampling and semi-structured or interactive interviews to collect data — mainly, data relating to people's judgments, attitudes, preferences, priorities, and/or perceptions...
Page 16 - White (1997) discuss three ways of combining the best of qualitative and quantitative approaches: • integrating the quantitative and qualitative methodologies; • examining, explaining, confirming, refuting, and/or enriching information from one approach with that from the other; and • merging the findings from the two approaches into one set of policy recommendations.
Page 4 - Relative poverty refers to the position of an individual or household compared with the average income in the country...
Page 17 - Any omissions would constitute a form of specification error, such that the relations among the variables that are measured would differ if this variable were taken into account instead of ignored. Although this class of error has no effect on simple descriptive statistics, it can be a severe problem in multivariate analyses.
Page 12 - Rs 200 or more daring slack season 0 26 Relying on day-to-day petty purchases of key provisions 100 51 Occasionally consuming green vegetables in non-crop season 0 100 Consuming rice on non-festive occasions 0 14 Women and children regularly wear shoes 0...

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About the author (1997)

Canadian author Howard White grew up on Nelson Island, British Columbia in the 1950's. White started his career as a newspaper reporter and later wrote for magazines and science and political books. He has written in such books as The Sunshine Coast and Spilsbury Coast: Pioneer Years in the Wet West. White received the 1991 Stephen Leacock Medal for Humor for his book Writing in the Rain and the 1995 British Columbia Book Prize and the Haig Brown Regional Prize for Raincoat Chronicles.

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