Combustion toxicology is a recent, applied science, the ultimate purpose of which is to reduce casualties from smoke inhalation. The present volume attempts an unbiased presentation of the state of the field. The authors have identified the misconceptions and unsupported conclusions in the literature, differentiating between fact and hypothesis and present the reader with an account of what is really known about the toxicity of smoke produced by materials. They also recommend an approach to evaluating the toxicity of combustion products.
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A SHORT HISTORY OF COMBUSTION
BASICS OF INHALATION TOXICOLOGY
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acrolein addition aerosols Alaire Alarie Anderson biological Birky blood C»t product carbon dioxide carbon monoxide cause chemical chloride combustion atmospheres Combustion Products combustion toxicity tests combustion toxicology components compounds concentration cyanide death density determined evaluated exposed exposure chamber Fire Gases fire retardant flamability flame retardants halogen Hartzell heat hemoglobin Hilado Hydrogen Hydrogen Chloride Hydrogen Cyanide incapacitation increase Inhalation Toxicity irritant gases Kaplan laboratory LC50 values lungs major toxicants measure mg/L mice minutes mixture models Nonflaming oxygen particles percent plastics polyamide polyester polymers polyurethane polyurethane foam Polyvinyl Chloride post-exposure pressure PTFE pulmonary Pyrolysis rats reported respiratory rate respiratory tract response rodents sample sensory irritation smoke toxicity standard studies surface temperature test method test systems Thermal Decomposition Thermal Decomposition Products thermolysis tion toxic effects toxic hazard toxicity of combustion Toxicity of Pyrolysis Toxicol tube furnace University of Pittsburgh vapor volume weight wood