Communal Utopias and the American Experience: Secular Communities, 1824-2000

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 - History - 170 pages
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This important study begins with America's first secular utopia at New Harmony in 1824 and traces successive utopian experiments in the United States through the following centuries. For the first time, readers will come to realize that American communalism is not a disjointed, erratic, almost ephemeral part of our past, but has been an on-going, essential part of American history. We have a communal utopian motif that sets the history of the United States apart from any other nation. The utopian communal story is just one other dimension of the Puritan concept that America was a city upon a hill, a beacon light to all the world where the perfect society could be built and could flourish.

After discussing New Harmony and other Owenite communities, the author examines nine Fourierist utopias that were built before the Civil War. Next, he analyzes the five Icarian colonies that, collectively, were the longest-lived, non-religious communal experiments in American history. Then, discussion moves to the seven Gilded Age socialist cooperatives, followed by the utopian communities created during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Finally, Sutton turns to the hippie colonies and intentional communities of the last half of the 20th century.

 

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Contents

Utopian Socialist Communities
23
Icaria
53
Gilded Age Socialist Cooperatives
77
Great Depression Secular Communities
111
Modern Communal Utopias
131
Selected Bibliography
159
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About the author (2004)

ROBERT P. SUTTON is Professor of History at Western Illinois University and a specialist in American communal utopias. He is the author of nine books and has contributed seven chapters in books on the Icarians and other utopian communities. In 1998, he received the Donald E. Pitzer Distinguished Service Award from the Communal Studies Association. He is married with six grown children and thirteen grandchildren. In 2002 Greenwood Press published his book Federalism as part of its Major Issues in American History series.

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