Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction
The communicative approach is changing the face of foreign language teaching. It provides an introduction to communicative language teaching for practising classroom teachers. The author gives a single coherent account of the basic communicative ideas, emphasizing those aspects most important in the classroom so that teachers can integrate the new ideas into their own familiar methods. He stresses that a knowledge of grammar remains essential for effective communication.
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activities discussed aspects brieﬂy Camp X communicative ability communicative approach communicative functions communicative language teaching communicative needs communicative purposes communicative skills Council of Europe course creative cued dialogues cues decide deﬁned described develop difﬁculty discussed in chapter drills English example express factors feedback ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst focus foreign language teaching form of organisation functional communication activities functional meanings grammatical important improvisation involved kind language forms language learning learners are asked learners need linguistic competence linguistic forms listening activity Littlewood Maley municative nonlinguistic North Sea pairs or groups perform possible pre-communicative activities present produce provide learners questions reﬂect relate relationship relevant repertoire response role role-playing activities sequence shared knowledge signiﬁcant simulation situation social context Social interaction activities social meaning speaker speciﬁc spoken text structural suggestions task teacher techniques tion topics view of language What’s my line Widdowson