Communicative Language Testing
Reflecting the shift which has recently occurred in approaches to languages testing in response to developments in teaching, this book highlights the importance of context, purposiveness and realistic discourse in testing, as in teaching.
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Two Basic Considerations in Test Design
Three Test Construction
Four Test Methods
academic Alderson analytic marking Applied Linguistics approach appropriate assessment Bachman battery booklet British Council candidate's candidates Certificates cloze procedure cloze test communicative competence communicative language ability communicative tests concurrent validation construct validity content validity context correlate criteria criterion-referenced test degree of skill deletion dictation discourse Educational Testing Service enabling skills established evaluation Examining Board face validity Foreign Language grammar IELTS integrative tests involve Klein-Braley language proficiency language teaching listening comprehension markers marking scheme measure method minutes multiple-choice normally notes Oller Oral Interaction oral proficiency oral test overseas students paper passage performance possible problems production proficiency test purposes reading relevant reliability sample scores second language second language acquisition Section sociolinguistic speaker specific spoken English standardisation sub-tests target situation tasks set technique TEEP TESOL Test in English test tasks text types TOEFL topics University Weir women words writing tasks