Communities and Workforce Development

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W.E. Upjohn Institute, 2004 - Business & Economics - 499 pages
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Annotation The emergence of more dynamic LMIs is partly a response to the growing demand for workers, which was fueled by the economic expansion of the 1990s, but it has also been greatly shaped byat least two major policy shocks in the latter half of the decade: welfare reform and therevamping of federal employment training programs under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA)of 1998. The combined impact of these forces induced many organizations to become moreactive in workforce development, and many others transformed their operations and adapted tothe new, more competitive and uncertain environment. The evidence discussed in detail in thisvolume suggests several important trends. For one, traditional service providers have had toadapt to a shift in focus from vocational training, often based on classroom pedagogy, to jobreadiness training that follows a "work first" philosophy. Other important developments includegreater experimentation with program design, greater specialization among service providers, greater employer participation in workforce development programs, and greater collaborationamong various institutions and service providers.
 

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Contents

Communities and Workforce Development in the Era of Devolution
1
Emerging Labor Market Intermediaries
35
Competing for Contracts Nonprofit Survival in an Age of Privatization
37
CBOs and the OneStop Career Center System
77
UnionSponsored Workforce Development Initiatives
119
Addressing the Employment Challenge for the Formerly Homeless Supportive Housing in New York City
151
CommunityBased Workforce Development Initiatives for the Information Technology Sector
189
Workforce Development in the Information Technology Age
191
Community Colleges Welfare Reform and Workforce Development
293
Innovators Under Duress Community Colleges in New Yorks Workfare Setting
331
Community Colleges as Workforce Intermediaries Building Career Ladders for LowWage Workers
357
New Directions in Community Collaborations and Partnerships
409
Interorganizational Networks among CommunityBased Organizations
411
CorporateCommunity Workforce Development Collaborations
439
The Authors
473
Index
475

Community Technology Centers Training Disadvantaged Workers for Information Technology Jobs
213
Beyond the First Job Career Ladder Initiatives in Information Technology Industries
253
Recasting the Role of Community Colleges
291
About the Institute
499
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About the author (2004)

EDWIN MELENDEZ is Professor, Milano Graduate School of Management and Urban Policy, The New School.

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