Communities and workforce development
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2004 - Business & Economics - 499 pages
The emergence of more dynamic LMIs is partly a response to the growing demand for workers,which was fueled by the economic expansion of the 1990s, but it has also been greatly shaped byat least two major policy shocks in the latter half of the decade: welfare reform and therevamping of federal employment training programs under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA)of 1998. The combined impact of these forces induced many organizations to become moreactive in workforce development, and many others transformed their operations and adapted tothe new, more competitive and uncertain environment. The evidence discussed in detail in thisvolume suggests several important trends. For one, traditional service providers have had toadapt to a shift in focus from vocational training, often based on classroom pedagogy, to jobreadiness training that follows a "work first" philosophy. Other important developments includegreater experimentation with program design, greater specialization among service providers,greater employer participation in workforce development programs, and greater collaborationamong various institutions and service providers.
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Emerging Labor Market Intermediaries
Nonprofit Survival in an Age of
CBOs and the OneStop Career Center System
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AFL-CIO agencies areas basic BICSI career ladders Casey Foundation CBOs Center certificate City clients collaborations community colleges community-based organizations contracts corporate created CUNY demand disadvantaged workers economic employers employment and training employment training entry-level entry-level jobs federal firms for-profit funding groups H-1B visa Harrison and Weiss implementation industry Information Technology initiatives innovative institutions internships job placement job seekers job training labor market intermediaries low-skill Melendez ment Monsey needs networks nonprofits offer operations opportunities OSCC partners partnerships peer-to-peer percent populations relationships require residents retention role sector serve service providers skills training social staff strategies structure successful support services supportive housing TANF recipients target tion training programs U.S. Department union Urban wage Washington welfare recipients welfare reform Welfare-to-Work workfare workforce development Workforce Investment Workforce Investment Act workplace WRTP WtW programs York York City