Community Assessment of Natural Food Sources of Vitamin A: Guidelines for an Ethnographic Protocol
Lauren Blum, International Development Research Centre (Canada), Pertti J. Pelto, Harriet V. Kuhnlein, International Nutrition Foundation for Developing Countries
IDRC, 1997 - Social Science - 139 pages
This manual is intended for experienced health professionals interested in food-related public health problems. It describes a protocol developed to understand natural food sources of vitamin A: their availability and use, cultural beliefs surrounding their use, and community perceptions about food and vitamin A deficiency. The purpose of the assessment described in the manual is to provide essential information for program planning aimed at increasing consumption of vitamin-A-rich food among populations at risk for deficiency. It gives careful and complete guidance that can be followed by researchers not generally familiar with ethnographic approaches to data gathering. Steps in the protocol incorporate techniques in public health, anthropology, and field-based nutrition. For each step, the manual defines research questions to be addressed, and guidance on how to collect field data on forms which are included.
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administered Aetas Appendix appropriate box assessment attribute module barangay Bitot’s spots Cajamarca Canawan caretaker child collected Community Food System conducting consumed cultural beliefs data-gathering deﬁne diarrhea difﬁcult eaten ethnic ethnographic example ﬁeld assistants ﬁeldnotes ﬁles ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁve Food Acquisition food list Food Name food sources Food System Data Form free list gather Gofer groups Hausa healthcare household identiﬁed identify important individuals intake inter keratomalacia key foods key-informant interviews list of foods list of key manual mation mentioned microcomputer module Morong mother mother-respondents Negritos nightblindness notes nutrition patterns pile sort population probing procedures protocol questions region Retinol sample scenarios season signs and symptoms sources of vitamin speciﬁc staple foods structured interviews System Data Tables Tagalogs team leader tion types vitamin A content vitamin A deﬁciency vitamin A—rich food women words write xerophthalmia xerosis