Community Ecology of a Coral Cay: A Study of One-Tree Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1981 - Science - 379 pages
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Contents

Background and rationale of the study
3
Classification of islands
6
The development of insular ecology and biogeography
7
Early theories
9
The equilibrium theory
20
Terminology
26
Recent approaches
27
The shape of the islandarea curve
28
Pisonia grandis
139
Pandanus sp
141
Production and growth
144
Leaf production by herbaceous species
148
Leaf longevity of Pandanus
150
Twig growth
151
Litter and dead standing stems
153
Epigeal arthropods
160

Trophic relations and community structure
30
Evolution and the equilibrial number
32
Other isolated habitats as islands
33
THE ONETREE ISLAND COMMUNITY
35
General description and history of the island
37
Materials and methods
61
Cage plot sampling
62
Sweep sampling
63
Relevees
64
Leaf and new stem production
65
Sampling arthropods associated with Argusia flowers
66
Sampling foliage fauna
67
Ant baiting
68
Leaf damage
70
Special sampling techniques and general observations
71
The flora
73
Nyctaginaceae
74
Aizoaceae
78
Portulacaceae
79
Amaranthaceae
81
Brassicaceae
82
Fabaceae
84
Zygophyllaceae
86
Malvaceae
87
Rhizophoraceae
88
Apiaceae
89
Boraginaceae
91
Solanaceae
92
Asteraceae
93
Poaceae
94
Pandanaceae
95
Orchidaceae
96
Miscellaneous cultivated or humanassociated plants
97
General features of the flora
98
Plant biomass
112
Vegetation structure in the herb flat
124
Total cover
127
Relative cover
131
11 Phenology flowering and fruiting
134
Argusia argentea
138
Species richness in the herb flat
161
Population densities in the herb flat
166
Sweeps of the succulent mat and arborescent vegetation
173
Species richness of taxa associated with Argusia flowers
174
Population densities of species associated with Argusia flowers
176
Daily activity cycles of some nectarivores associated with Argusia
182
Granivores
184
The fauna on the foliage of trees and shrubs
187
Habitat specificity
192
Fauna of the small rubble cays
195
Insect damage to leaves
197
Trees and shrubs
204
The soil microarthropods
207
Changes in the soil communities over time
215
The vertebrate fauna
218
Sea turtles
236
Selected case histories
244
The Locust Valanga irregularis and Grasshoppers
245
The Moth Utetheisa pulchelloides
247
Ants
251
Trachymene procumbens vel aff
255
The Nightshade Solatium nodiflorum subsp nutans and an Halticine Beetle
259
The pond
262
Interaction of marine and terrestrial communities
266
Carrion
267
Flotsam and jetsam
272
Transfer
274
SYNTHETIC CHARACTERISTICS
277
Immigration extinction and the equilibrial number
279
Community organization
291
Equitability
292
Trophic relations
294
An overview
329
Absolute sizes of populations
337
Summary
343
Appendices
349
Literature cited
363
Index
377
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