Community policing: issues and practices around the world
Jerome H. Skolnick, David H. Bayley, Abt Associates, National Institute of Justice (U.S.). Office of Communication and Research Utilization
U.S. Dept. of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Office of Communication and Research Utilization, 1988 - Business & Economics - 93 pages
This monograph examines the history and central features of community policing and experience with this approach in the United States, Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Japan, and Singapore. Contemporary ideas about community policing arose from reconsideration of police strategies and practices in the 1960's and 1970's. Community policing is regarded as a strategy for improving relations between the police and the public while strengthening police effectiveness in preventing and controlling crime. The four elements of community policing are the organization of community-based crime prevention, the reorientation of patrol activities to emphasize nonemergency servicing, increased police accountability to local communities, and the decentralization of command. It thus involves major changes in the customary roles of the police. Thus, it raises concerns about the implications of thorough integration of the police into the community. In addition, the vitality of community policing may depend on social structure and be greatest in affluent, educated, middle-class communities.
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activity assigned Australia Bayley become Britain Broadwater Farm Estate cities citizens city’s civilian command Commission community policing community relations consultative committees cooperation crime prevention crime rates criminal justice David H decentralization Detroit effective emergency encourage Endnotes evaluation fear of crime foot patrol officers Houston Police Department implementation increased Institute of Justice involved James Q Japan Japanese Kerner Commission koban law enforcement liaison London Management Cops mini-stations National Institute Neighborhood Foot Patrol Neighborhood Police Posts Neighborhood Watch nonsworn NPPs order maintenance organizations Oriented Policing Oslo para-police patrol car personnel police corruption police departments police executives police forces police officers police operations police services police unions political practices precinct prevent crime priority problem-oriented policing problems professional programmatic programs reduce crime residents response riots role safety Santa Ana Scandinavian Singapore Singapore’s social Stockholm strategies street cop team policing traditional policing two-officer cars United