Comparative Perspectives on Imperialism and Empire in Late Imperial Russia
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Modern Times, Absolutism, Industrialization, European University Institute (Department of History, Florenz), language: English, abstract: There are few topics that have been as present in post-Soviet histories as empire and its aftermath. Tales of century-long Russia oppression have become core elements of many historical narratives in the former Soviet republics. In Western European scholarship concepts from imperial history and post-colonial studies have had a big influence on the historiography of Russia and the Soviet Union. However, these are recent phenomena: in most histories of Russia, written in Russia or the Soviet Union itself as well as in the West before 1991, empire has been left out to an astonishing degree. Only for the Soviet Union the so-called “nationality question” was a larger topic, appearing in Soviet praise for the “friendship of the peoples” or condemnation of “anti-Soviet nationalism” and “Great-Russian chauvinism”. This essay picks up on some of these issues and looks at how various scholars interested in the imperial aspects of Russian history have put them into a comparative perspective. Although the number of works is still limited, especially compared to the huge number of studies on different Western European empires, it is possible to draw some general conclusions. This will also be helpful in considering to what extent Russian experiences could reflect back on more general theories of empire or post-colonial studies.
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19th century Russia Anglo-Indian anti-imperial Arab aspects of Russian autocracy British India Caucasus Wars Central Asia chapters Morrison civilization colonial administration comparative perspective concepts Deringil Dietrich Geyer domestic reform empire and imperialism example finance foreign policy French Empires Georgians Geyer passingly Geyer's book global Göttingen Habsburg Empire historiography history of Russia Hrsg huge number Ibid imperial aspects imperial expansion imperial history imperialist expansion integrate Turkestan Kappeler late 19th century Late Imperial Russia Late Ottoman Empire Lieven Lieven's book longer history looks Makdasi Manchuria military modernity Multiethnic Muslim nationalism nationalist notion of empire Osterhammel Ottoman elite adopted Ottoman Orientalism Panslavism Panslavist periphery role Rule in Samarkand Russian elites Russian Empire Russian experiences Russian history Russian imperialists Russian rule Russians were genuinely russische Imperialismus Russland als Problem Serfdom social history Soviet Union task to spread theory of empire tradition of imperial transformation crisis Wehler Western European empires Western European imperial Whereas Witte's