Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy: Evolution and Adaptation
Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy
Evolution and Adaptation
Ann B. Butler and William Hodos
The Second Edition of this landmark text presents a broad survey of comparative vertebrate neuroanatomy at the introductory level, representing a unique contribution to the field of evolutionary neurobiology. It has been extensively revised and updated, with substantially improved figures and diagrams that are used generously throughout the text. Through analysis of the variation in brain structure and function between major groups of vertebrates, readers can gain insight into the evolutionary history of the nervous system. The text is divided into three sections:
* Introduction to evolution and variation, including a survey of cell structure, embryological development, and anatomical organization of the central nervous system; phylogeny and diversity of brain structures; and an overview of various theories of brain evolution
* Systematic, comprehensive survey of comparative neuroanatomy across all major groups of vertebrates
* Overview of vertebrate brain evolution, which integrates the complete text, highlights diversity and common themes, broadens perspective by a comparison with brain structure and evolution of invertebrate brains, and considers recent data and theories of the evolutionary origin of the brain in the earliest vertebrates, including a recently proposed model of the origin of the brain in the earliest vertebrates that has received strong support from newly discovered fossil evidence
Ample material drawn from the latest research has been integrated into the text and highlighted in special feature boxes, including recent views on homology, cranial nerve organization and evolution, the relatively large and elaborate brains of birds in correlation with their complex cognitive abilities, and the current debate on forebrain evolution across reptiles, birds, and mammals.
Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy is geared to upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in neuroanatomy, but anyone interested in the anatomy of the nervous system and how it corresponds to the way that animals function in the world will find this text fascinating.
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Adapted afferent amniotes amphibians amygdala animals ascending auditory axons Behavior and Evolution birds Brain Research brainstem cartilaginous fishes caudal cell groups central nervous system cerebellar cerebellum Chapter colliculus collothalamic column Comparative Neurology complex components connections cortex cortical cranial nerves dendrites diencephalon dorsal lateral geniculate dorsal thalamus efferent evolutionary fibers FIGURE forebrain functions hagfishes hemisections with mirror-image hindbrain homologous hypothalamus innervation input Journal of Comparative lampreys lateral geniculate nucleus lateral line lateralis layer limbic lizard lobe mammalian mammals medial pallium midbrain mirror-image drawings motor neurons muscles neocortex neural Neuroscience Northcutt nuclear group olfactory bulb optic tectum organization pallial pallium pars pathways pigeon placodes posterior pretectal nucleus pretectum primates projections ray-finned fishes receptors region relay reptiles reticular formation retinal rostral segment sensory sharks somatic somatosensory species spinal cord structures substantia nigra tectal tectum tegmentum telencephalon teleosts terminate tetrapods thalamus tion tract Transverse hemisections trigeminal ventral vertebrates visceral visual zone
Page 607 - The organization of projections from the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus to orbital and medial prefrontal cortex in macaque monkeys.
Page 11 - Structures from two individuals or from the same individual are homologous if they share a set of developmental constraints, caused by locally acting self-regulatory mechanisms of organ differentiation. These structures are thus developmentally individualized parts of the phenotype.