Comparative Analysis of Nations: Quantitative Approaches, Volume 1

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Westview Press, 2002 - Political Science - 554 pages
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The comparative method is fundamental and critical for political scientists, and especially those interested in comparative politics. Such questions as how democratic is the United States, how rich is Germany, and how ethnically complex is Nigeria-and what effects these attributes have on important political phenomena-cannot be analyzed except comparatively. To understand politics we need to think in terms of concepts, processes, behavior and authority patterns that transcend specific regions or nation-states. Comparative Analysis of Nations is designed to address three questions confronting the study of politics: (1) What do I do once I have identified a question that I want to explore within a cross-national perspective? (2) How do I proceed so I adequately address this question? (3) Why should I proceed with this particular study plan? Perry and Robertson examine how to conceptualize, operationalize, measure, sample, analyze, and evaluate these research questions. In clear language they stress the logic behind basic techniques of quantitative analysis, issues of measurement and hypothesis testing, basic techniques of hypothesis testing (tabular analysis, ANOVA, scatterplots, bivariate regression) and advanced bivariate analysis (curvilinear and multiple regression). The book requires no previous training in statistics or math. Cross-national data sets accompany the book on a CD-ROM and are compatible with the popular SPSS package. The data sets enable the instructor the opportunity to engage the students directly in devising their own modified models of analysis to complement and extend the demonstrations within the text. In sum, the text integrates the core tools and strategies of social science analysis within a framework that highlights the quantitative study of comparative politics.

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Contents

Strategies of Comparative Political Inquiry
31
The Role of Univariate Analysis in the Science
56
1 Histograms
78
The Role of the Normal Distribution
94
1 Applying the Standard Deviation Mean and the Logic
98
Variance in the Context of Comparison and Applied
108
2 Computing the ZScore
111
An Alternative Test for Normality When Using
117
The Role of Hypothesis Testing in CrossNational Analysis
199
The Process of Testing Hypotheses
205
Notes
211
Simple Tabular Analysis
220
2 Crosstab Analysis in Perspective
231
The Utility of the Difference of Means Test
244
1 The MannWhitney U Test
267
2 Difference of Means Test
282

3 Assessing Degree of Normality in Sample Distributions
120
The Role of Inferential Measures and Confidence
124
1 Constructing an Inferential Index Measure of Potential
126
Confidence Intervals
131
2 Confidence Intervals and Their Utility in CrossNational
135
Recapping Basic Measures of Univariate Analysis
142
The Role of Measurement Validity in CrossNational Analysis
148
Measurement Validity and Concept Validation
155
Notes
165
Primary Properties of Democracy
171
Bivariate Frequency Tables
186
Concept Formulation and Measurement in Perspective
192
4 Voting Turnout and Electoral Systems
290
The PoliticalEconomic System
298
The Role of OneWay Analysis of Variance
320
1 Kruskal Wallis H Test
325
3
330
The Role of Linear Analysis and the Conceptualization
349
Factor Analysis as a Tool of Data Reduction Within
383
1
395
The Role of Scatterplot Analysis and the Conceptualization
411
The Role of Basic Regression in CrossNational Analysis
466
The Role of Residual Analysis in CrossNational Research
485
Copyright

About the author (2002)

Robert L. Perry is an assistant professor in the Department of Behavioral Science at the University of Texas, Permian Basin. John D. Robertson is a professor in the Department of Political Science at Texas A & M University. Robert L. Perry is an assistant professor in the Department of Behavioral Science at the University of Texas, Permian Basin. John D. Robertson is a professor in the Department of Political Science at Texas A & M University.

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