Comparative Grammar and Typology: Essays on the Historical Grammar of the Austronesian Languages
The comparative grammar of the Austronesian languages underwent an unprecedented change immediately after World War 2, owing to the use of lexicostatistics, the appeal to migration theory and the like, and also because of the idea of Formosa being the cradle of the language family. The present book is essentially an attempt at answering the following question: What would the comparative grammar of Austronesian look like in the absence of speculation on speaker migrations, and in the absence of the so-called "data" produced by lexicostatistics and glottochronology? Whereas typology is unable to offer the proof that a given language belongs to a group or subgroup of languages, grammaticalization theory can say whether a given state A may have preceded a state B or the reverse, and solid arguments are needed to propose a relative chronology between events that would be improbable, or even exceptional, in terms of the typology of linguistic change. This book revisits central issues of the comparative grammar of Austronesian languages from this angle, such as the history of person markers, particularly in the 2nd person, the genesis of the so-called "focus" verbal voice system and the typology of sentence structures. There is nothing in these domains that supports the supposition that Proto-Austronesian was very similar to the Formosan languages.
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Rise or fall of focus
Typology and reconstruction 3641
Non finite forms
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3rd person agent ak°n allomorphs alongside Amis antipassive article stem Atayal Austronesian languages Bikol Blust Cebuano Chamorro common nouns complement constructions Dative definite detransitivization diathesis displaced object displacement verbs distinction Dyen ergative etymons finds focus Formosa Formosan languages function Genitive Genitive-Agent marker guages heavy form Hiligaynon hypothesis ibid IF-BF Ilocano Independent Person marker infix IRREALIS Ivatan kami Kapampangan Karo Batak Kavalan Lemarechal Limos Kalinga Locative lpl excl Malagasy marking Mayrinax meaning Mori morpheme Nominative nonAF noun marker Object marker Old Bugis Old Javanese Paiwan Palau Palawan Pangasinan paradigm passive perfect person prefix Philippine languages phonetic plural Ponape position predicate preposition protolanguage protophonemes Puyuma REALIS recharacterization reconstruction reflexes renewal RF-LF Rukai Saisiyat Seediq subgroupings Subject substantival Tagalog Tondano topicalization Tsou Tukang Besi type A systems variants verb forms verb stem voice vowel Wolio Wulai Yami