Competition, Innovation and Competitiveness in Developing Countries
Development Centre, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1999 - Business & Economics - 215 pages
The competitiveness of firms in a global economic environment is an essential element in development strategy, but simply creating an open economy will not suffice to stimulate competitiveness if innovation is lacking. This is the major finding of this cross-county and multi-industry study based on the experience of Brazil, Chinese Taipei, India and Korea. In developing countries and emerging economies, which can be considered technological latecomers, traditional industrial practices can be linked to policy changes which foster innovation, but can equally result in stagnation if the policy/practice mix is wrong. The case studies demonstrate that where industrial habits tend to reduce competitiveness, policies can make a difference, especially where they are directed to managing the timing, sequencing and type of market-opening steps. The book therefore opens a fresh debate on the industrial policies which developing nations must adopt in order to compete and grow in a globalized economic environment.