Competition for Public Transport Services: Institutional Framework and Empirical Evidence of Bus Services in Germany
This book evaluates the successes, failures, and factors that influence the competition for public bus transport services. Using Germany as a case study, the author explains the dichotomous system of a market with licenses for commercial services, where operators are granted exclusivity, and licenses for non-commercial services, where supplementary direct subsidies are tendered out by public transport authorities. The empirical analysis is based on primary data usually not publicly available, and supplemented by numerous expert interviews. The book aims to provide a basic understanding of the players and their options, offer insights into the German model, and make policy recommendations for those whose goal is to increase competition.
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Competition for Public Transport Services: Institutional Framework and ...
Limited preview - 2012
analysis analyzed auction authority initiated Bavaria Beck bus services bus transport services CCL procedures Chap classified commercial and non-commercial commercial services competing applications competition for commercial competitive tendering costs criteria database deregulated Deutsche Bahn AG Deutsche Bundesbahn direct awarding efficiency factors federal Gifhorn global players gross-cost contracts Hesse increase incumbent introduce competition level of competition license term license to operate Likelihood-ratio test Lower Saxony market for commercial market initiatives market participants market share minimum quality Munich Munich area municipal operator net-cost contracts non-commercial services North Rhine-Westphalia number of bidders PBefG PTAs public bus transport public service contract public transport authorities public transport services reduce regimes regional regulation regulatory framework revenue risk Rhineland-Palatine Saxony-Anhalt Sect services by bus shows SMEs specific structure supplementary direct subsidies tendering procedures variables vehicle kilometers Verkehrsverbund vkm p.a. Wittenberg