Competitiveness of Cowpea-based Processed Products: A Case Study in Ghana
In West and Central Africa, cowpeas (blackeye peas) are an important source of protein for low-income consumers. While they are used for a variety of dishes, industrial processing of cowpeas is still negligible. This study examines the competitiveness of two selected processed products using cowpeas in Ghana. Using the data collected through fieldwork, enterprise budgeting and sensitivity analyses are conducted. One of the selected products is dry cowpea meal for preparation of kosei (cowpea fritters), which is expected to help street vendors who currently prepare kosei from cowpea grain using time-consuming methods. However, the study shows that under current conditions in Accra, industrially-processed dry meal would be too expensive for the majority of kosei vendors to use as the substitute for cowpea grain. The other selected product is a weaning food called Weanimix , which is a fortified product of the traditional roasted-maize-based weaning food, called Tom Brown. In addition to groundnuts, either cowpeas or soybeans can be used as a fortifier in Weanimix. The study shows that: (1) cowpeas could be price-competitive with soybeans as an ingredient in Weanimix, unless customers prefer soybeans; (2) typical difference in prices currently observed between Weanimix and Tom Brown seems to be much larger than the difference in the cost of production between these products; and (3) the level of processing and retail margins greatly affect the competitiveness of industrially-processed Weanimix, compared to Weanimix that could potentially be prepared and sold by grain and flour-type product vendors in the market.
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Weaning Mothers as Consumers of Kosei 312
DRY COWPEA MEAL FOR PREPARATION OF KOSEI
CowpeaFortified Gari 314
WEANIMIXBUDGETING AND SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
Accra Metropolis District agawu vendors Bank of Ghana Brown calculated Cedis conducted cost component cost of labor cowpea flour cowpea grain cowpea/soybean flour custom millers dehulling difference in returns dry cowpea meal dry meal dry-milled kosei estimated price February and March fieldwork Ga East District Ghana grain/flour-type product vendors Greater Accra Region groundnuts hausa industrial processors industrially-processed cowpea-Weanimix ingredients input-output ratio interview kg of kosei kg of meal kosei preparation kosei/agawu Langyintuo maize MB vendors olonka opportunity cost original values output plate mill potential prepare kosei price of cowpea price of dry price of meal price per kg price-competitiveness prices of industrially-processed processing procedures processor price processor respondents purchase raw materials representative budget representative price retail margin retail prices returns between wet self-prepared sell sensitivity analysis sold Source soybean-Weanimix soybeans supermarkets three respondents Tom Brown total cost VAT/NHIS volume of production Weanimix weaning foods weaning mothers wet-milling method