Complex systems and archaeology
Complexity Science Transects many fields ranging from physics to economics to biology. Its focus is the study of systems of interacting factors, which has lately been extended to include behavior in human societies. In prehistoric societies, whether these agents are defined at the scale of individuals, groups, households, or villages all agents are connected in such a way that changes in the actions of one affects many others. Complex Systems and Archaeology presents a useful introduction to complexity theory followed by a series of case studies in which human societies and environments are viewed as open systems into and out of which matter or energy can flow. Examples of such systems include the introduction of new crops, the creation of new artifacts, or the flux of products in a market. This volume will have important implications for how archaeologists understand the dynamics of culture change and how they think about chronological stages, unique events, and the role of human agents.
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Considering Complexity Theory in Archaeology
An Introduction to Complex Systems
ScaleFree Network Growth and Social Inequality
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Adamic and Huberman Agent-Based Modeling agents Alaska Peninsula Amaral Anthropology Archaeology argued avalanche Barabasi and Albert Batek behavior Bentley and Maschner Bentley and Shennan Bintliff central Europe chaos Chapter clustered compact disc complex adaptive system complex systems complexity theory connected Culture dynamics economic edited emergent properties equilibrium evolution evolutionary example exponential farming Figure foragers fractal groups Hayden Henrich Hodder households human Hunter-Gatherers idea individual inequality interactions interconnected Journal Kauffman land landscape Linear Pottery Linear Pottery Culture log-log plot log-normal log-normal distribution McGlade Mesolithic natural Neolithic nodes nonlinear normal distribution Northwest Coast Oxford partible inheritance patterns phase phenomena population power-law distribution power-law tail prehistoric punctuated punctuated equilibrium random Renfrew result scale scale-free growth scale-free network scale-free network growth self-organized criticality settlement small-world network social networks societies span status strategies structure tion tive tween University Press village wealth