Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics
OUP Oxford, 2013 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 239 pages
This book confronts the hotly debated claim that language is a species specific trait of humans. It also considers the notion that disentangling the evolutionary history of language is one of science's hardest problems. Building on the recent conceptual breakthroughs of the EvoDevo paradigm, Balari and Lorenzo argue that language is not so exceptional after all. It is, rather, just the human version of a fairly common and conservative organic system which they call the Central Computational Complex. The authors also propose that interspecies variation of this organ is restricted to (i) accessible memory resources, and (ii) patterns of external connectivity, both being the result of perturbations on the system underlying its development. The book, written accessibly for both biologists and linguists, offers a fresh perspective on language as a naturally evolved phenomenon.
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The Pains of Being OweniansChomskyansCartesians at Heart
2 My Beloved Monster
3 The Dead End of Communication
4 On True Homologues
5 Computational Homology
6 Introducing Computational Evo Devo
7 Other Minds
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Alberch anatomical animal communication approach argue automaton basal ganglia basic behavioral homology Biolinguistics biological brain capable CCCHUMAN chapter Chomsky Hierarchy cognitive component computational complexity computational phenotypes computational system computype concept of homology connection constraints contention context-free context-free grammars context-sensitive corresponding crucial CSHUMAN deﬁned deﬁnition developmental difﬁcult diversiﬁcation established Evo Devo evolution evolutionary evolutionary linguistics evolved example exist explanation external fact ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁnite-state ﬁrst Fodor FOXP2 function genes genetic grammars grammatical conventions Hauser heterochronic historical homology idea important kind knot language level of analysis linguistic mental Minelli modern humans modiﬁed modules monkeys monsters morphological morphospace mushroom bodies natural Neanderthals nervous systems nest notion observed organic structures parameters particular pattern phenotype problem properties pushdown pushdown automaton question recursive refer relations sense sequence species speciﬁc stigmergy Striedter string symbols system of computation theory Turing machine types underlying variation weaverbirds