Computing Meaning, Volume 1

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H. Bunt, Reinhard Muskens
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 363 pages
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Computational semantics is concerned with computing the meanings of linguistic objects such as sentences, text fragments, and dialogue contributions. As such it is the interdisciplinary child of semantics, the study of meaning and its linguistic encoding, and computational linguistics, the discipline that is concerned with computations on linguistic objects.
From one parent computational semantics inherits concepts and techniques that have been developed under the banner of formal (or model-theoretic) semantics. This blend of logic and linguistics applies the methods of logic to the description of meaning. From the other parent the young discipline inherits methods and techniques for parsing sentences, for effective and efficient representation of syntactic structure and logical form, and for reasoning with semantic information. Computational semantics integrates and further develops these methods, concepts and techniques.
This book is a collection of papers written by outstanding researchers in the newly emerging field of computational semantics. It is aimed at those linguists, computer scientists, and logicians who want to know more about the algorithmic realisation of meaning in natural language and about what is happening in this field of research. There is a general introduction by the editors.
 

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Contents

COMPUTATIONAL SEMANTICS
1
ON SEMANTIC UNDERSPECIFICATION
33
DYNAMIC AND UNDERSPECIFIED INTERPRETATION WITHOUT DYNAMIC OR UNDERSPECIFIED LOGIC
57
LABELED REPRESENTATIONS UNDERSPECIFICATION AND DISAMBIGUATION
73
UNDERSPECIFIED SEMANTICS IN HPSG
95
MINIMUM DESCRIPTION LENGTH AND COMPOSITIONALITY
113
PORTING A DYNAMIC MEANING REPRESENTATION LANGUAGE INTO LFGS LINEAR LOGIC GLUELANGUAGE SEMANTICS
129
VAGUE UTTERANCES AND CONTEXT CHANGE
149
A LABELLED DEDUCTION ACCOUNT
203
DYNAMIC SKOLEMIZATION
219
SEMANTICALLYBASED ELLIPSIS RESOLUTION WITH SYNTACTIC PRESUPPOSITIONS
255
PRESUPPOSITION PROJECTION AS PROOF CONSTRUCTION
281
MODALS
301
THE CASE OF ITALIAN MOTION VERBS
321
A DISAMBIGUATION APPROACH FOR GERMAN COMPOUNDS WITH DEVERBAL HEAD
339
INDEX
357

USING SITUATIONS TO REASON ABOUT THE INTERPRETATION OF SPEECH EVENTS
167
SIMULATIVE INFERENCE IN A COMPUTATIONAL MODEL OF BELIEF
185

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