## Conceptual Structures: Logical, Linguistic, and Computational Issues: 8th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2000 Darmstadt, Germany, August 14-18, 2000 ProceedingsComputerscientistscreatemodelsofaperceivedreality.ThroughAItechniques, these models aim at providing the basic support for emulating cognitive - havior such as reasoning and learning, which is one of the main goals of the AI research e?ort. Such computer models are formed through the interaction of various acquisition and inference mechanisms: perception, concept learning, conceptual clustering, hypothesis testing, probabilistic inference, etc., and are represented using di?erent paradigms tightly linked to the processes that use them. Among these paradigms let us cite: biological models (neural nets, genetic programming), logic-based models (?rst-order logic, modal logic, rule-based s- tems), virtual reality models (object systems, agent systems), probabilistic m- els(Bayesiannets,fuzzylogic),linguisticmodels(conceptualdependencygraphs, language-based representations), etc. OneofthestrengthsoftheConceptualGraph(CG)theoryisitsversatilityin terms of the representation paradigms under which it falls. It can be viewed and therefore used, under di?erent representation paradigms, which makes it a p- ular choice for a wealth of applications. Its full coupling with di?erent cognitive processes lead to the opening of the ?eld toward related research communities such as the Description Logic, Formal Concept Analysis, and Computational Linguistic communities. We now see more and more research results from one community enrich the other, laying the foundations of common philosophical grounds from which a successful synergy can emerge. |

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### Contents

Concepts and Language | 1 |

Concepts in Linguistics Concepts in Natural Language | 13 |

Patterns Schemata and Types | 27 |

Copyright | |

34 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

algorithm application Artificial Intelligence attributes binary binary relation Boolean algebra CG system co-identical co-reference computing concept lattice concept node concept type conceptual graphs Conceptual Structures constraint contextualized logic coreference database defined definition denoted derived description logic document domain element entities equivalent example existential graphs Figure Formal Concept Analysis formulas Ganter graph homomorphism hierarchy hypothesis ICCS implementation implications interpretation knowledge base knowledge engineer knowledge representation least common subsumers Lemma LNAI mapping Mineau natural language negation nested concept graphs norm notation object ontology operations paper Peirce Peirce's power context family predicate problem projection properties proposition prototype query referent relation node relation types represent retrieval rules scale semantics simple graphs SNePS Sowa specific Springer Springer-Verlag subset subsumption symbol theory translation triadic concept graphs tuple vertex