Conceptual Foundations of Materials: A Standard Model for Ground- and Excited-State Properties

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Elsevier, Sep 20, 2006 - Science - 244 pages
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The goal of this Volume "Conceptual Foundations of Materials: A standard model for ground- and excited-state properties" is to present the fundamentals of electronic structure theory that are central to the understanding and prediction of materials phenomena and properties. The emphasis is on foundations and concepts. The Sections are designed to offer a broad and comprehensive perspective of the field. They cover the basic aspects of modern electronic structure approaches and highlight their applications to the structural (ground state, vibrational, dynamic and thermodynamic, etc.) and electronic (spectroscopic, dielectric, magnetic, transport, etc.) properties of real materials including solids, clusters, liquids, and nanostructure materials. This framework also forms a basis for studies of emergent properties arising from low-energy electron correlations and interactions such as the quantum Hall effects, superconductivity, and other cooperative phenomena.

Although some of the basics and models for solids were developed in the early part of the last century by figures such as Bloch, Pauli, Fermi, and Slater, the field of electronic structure theory went through a phenomenal growth during the past two decades, leading to new concepts, understandings, and predictive capabilities for determining the ground- and excited-state properties of real, complex materials from first principles. For example, theory can now be used to predict the existence and properties of materials not previously realized in nature or in the laboratory. Computer experiments can be performed to examine the behavior of individual atoms in a particular process, to analyze the importance of different mechanisms, or just to see what happen if one varies the interactions and parameters in the simulation. Also, with ab initio calculations, one can determine from first principles important interaction parameters which are needed in model studies of complex processes or highly correlated systems. Each time a new material or a novel form of a material is discovered, electronic structure theory inevitably plays a fundamental role in unraveling its properties.

  • Provides the foundations of the field of condensed matter physics
  • An excellent supplementary text for classes on condensed matter physics/solid state physics
  • Volume covers current work at the forefront
  • Presentations are accessible to nonspecialists, with focus on underlying fundamentals
 

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Contents

A Standard Model of Solids
1
Theory of the Ground and Excited State
9
Dynamics and Thermodynamic Properties
55
Clusters Liquids and Nanocrystals
97
Polarization Wannier Functions and Electric Fields
139
Chapter 6 Electron Transport
165
Author Index
219
Subject Index
229
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Page vii - Department of Physics, University of California at Berkeley and Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley. CA 94720; Email NAFromer&bLgov TV Shahbazyan, IE Perakis, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 D.
Page 7 - The underlying physical laws necessary for the mathematical theory of a large part of physics and the whole of chemistry are thus completely known, and the difficulty is only that the exact application of these laws leads to equations much too complicated to be soluble.
Page 213 - RJ Soulen Jr., JM Byers, MS Osofsky. B. Nadgorny, T. Ambrose, SF Cheng, PR Broussard, CT Tanaka, J. Nowak, JS Moodera, A. Barry, and JMD Coey, Science 282, 85 (1998).

About the author (2006)

Steven Louie is Professor of Physics at UC Berkeley. His research spans a broad range of topics in condensed matter theory and nanoscience. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and recipient of the APS Aneesur Rahman Prize for Computational Physics, the APS Davisson-Germer Prize in Surface Physics, and the Foresight Institute Richard P. Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology.

Marvin Cohen is University Professor at UC Berkeley. His research covers a broad spectrum of subjects in theoretical condensed matter physics. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and recipient of the National Medal of Science, the APS Oliver E. Buckley Prize for Solid State Physics, the APS Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize, and the Foresight Institute Richard P. Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology. He was 2005 President of the American Physical Society.

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