Conciliarism and Papalism
Almost on the eve of the sixteenth-century Reformation, the long-running debate over the respective authority of popes and councils in the Catholic Church was vigorously resumed. In this collection the editors bring together the first English translation of four major contributions to that debate. In these texts, complex arguments derived from Scripture, theology, and canon law are deployed. The issues that emerge, however, prove to have a broader significance. What is foreshadowed here is the confrontation between 'absolutism' and 'constitutionalism' which was to be a dominant theme in the politics of early-modern Europe and beyond. Even on the threshold of the twenty-first century the concerns that underlie and animate the scholastic disputations in these pages retain their force. This 1997 volume includes introductory material which elucidates the context of the debate, as well as a comprehensive bibliography.
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CAJETAN On the comparison of the authority of pope and council
ALMAIN A book concerning the authority of the Church
CAJETAN The apology of Brother Tommaso de Vioconcerning the authority of the pope compared with that of the council
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absolutely according Almain answer apostles appointed argue argument assembled authoritative authority Basel belongs bind bishop body brother Cajetan canons cardinals Chapter Christian cited concerning the faith confirmed conjunction consent contrary Council of Basel Council of Constance crime decree divine law ecclesiastical polity ecclesiastical power elect the pope excommunicated fathers Feed My sheep follows gloss greater head heresy heretic pope Holy Spirit human law inferior Jean Gerson Jesus Christ judge judgment king loose Lord's Mair Matt natural nevertheless obvious Opera Parma ordained papa papacy papal person Political Pope Peter pope's power positive law power of jurisdiction power to elect prayer prelates prince proposition proved reason regard Roman church Roman pontiff sacrament Saint Thomas shepherd someone successor summoned superior supreme pontiff synod Tell the Church things Tommaso de Vio understood universal Church universal council vicar whole Church words Writings edited