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abutments amount applied batch beam bracing brick bridges briquettes broken stone building blocks cement and sand cent Chapter clay coarse aggregate coat color column compressive compressive strength consistency construction cost cracks crete cubic foot cubic yards culverts cylinder depth desired diameter face factor of safety feet filled finish floor foot forms Gage Gage given hydrated lime hydrochloric acid inches inches thick joints less lime machines materials metal lath method mixed mixer mixture mold mortar natural cement particles permissible variation placed plaster Portland cement pounds pressure proportions reinforced concrete removed safe load sample screen shoveled shown in Fig side sidewalks sieve silage silo slab solution spaces span specific gravity specifications square steel stone or gravel strength stresses stucco studs sufficient surface TABLE tamping temperature tensile strength tile trowel usually volume walls washed waterproofing weight width wire
Page 25 - Paragraph 58, and quickly formed into a ball with the hands, completing the operation by tossing it six times from one hand to the other, maintained 6 ins.
Page 23 - No. 200 sieve, with pan and cover attached, if desired, and shall be held in one hand in a slightly inclined position so that the sample will be well distributed over the sieve, at the same time gently striking the side about 150 times per minute against the palm of the other hand on the up stroke.
Page 96 - The yield point shall be determined by the drop of the beam of the testing machine.
Page 31 - ... and, in smoothing off, the trowel should be drawn over the mold in such a manner as to exert a moderate pressure on the excess material. The mold should be turned over and the operation repeated.
Page 25 - The consistency of standard mortar shall depend on the amount of water required to produce a paste of normal consistency from the same sample of cement. Having determined the normal consistency of the sample, the consistency of standard mortar made from the same sample shall be as indicated in Table I, the values being in percentage of the combined dry weights of the cement and standard sand. TABLE I— PERCENTAGE OF WATER FOR STANDARD MORTARS XII. DETERMINATION OF SOUNDNESS* 42.
Page 22 - The flask, during the operation, shall be kept immersed in water, in order to avoid variations in the temperature of the liquid in the flask, which shall not exceed 0°.5 C.
Page 27 - Care should be taken to keep the needle clean, as the collection of cement on the sides of the needle retards the penetration, while cement on the point...
Page 98 - If any test specimen shows defective machining or develops flaws, it may be discarded and another specimen substituted. (c) If the percentage of elongation of any tension test specimen is less than that specified in Section 8 (a) and any part of the fracture is outside the middle third...
Page 26 - Pats of neat cement about three inches in diameter, one-half inch thick at the center, and tapering to a thin edge, shall be kept in moist air for a period of twenty-four hours.
Page 23 - The material is weighed and placed on the mixing table, and a crater formed in the center, into which the proper percentage of clean water is poured; the material on the outer edge is turned into the crater by the aid of a trowel. As soon as the water has been absorbed, which should not require more than one minute, the operation is completed by vigorously kneading with the hands for an...