Confidential Informant: Law Enforcement's Most Valuable Tool

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CRC Press, Oct 22, 1999 - Law - 352 pages
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He baffled and eluded law enforcement officers for nearly two decades. In the end, however, it wasn't the painstaking forensic analysis of hundreds of pieces of crime scene evidence that led to the capture of the Unabomber-but the lucky tip of an informant. Truth of the matter is, for all their sophistication and hi-tech science, crime-fighting techniques such as fingerprint and DNA analysis are a factor in less than one percent of all criminal cases. In the overwhelming number of crimes, informants have provided the necessary ammunition needed to bring criminals to justice, from Genovese to Gotti and Capone to Dillinger.
Confidential Informant: Understanding Law Enforcement's Most Valuable Tool explores the covert and clandestine world of informants-revealing the secrets of how to find them and make the most out of them, while at the same time, avoiding the pitfalls of dealing with them. Using case studies in which informants played key roles in solving crimes, the book examines all aspects of informant development and management, from the motivation of the informant to the legal problems that accompany the use of informants in criminal cases.
Written by John Madinger, a former narcotics agent, supervisor and administrator, and currently a Senior Special Agent with the Criminal Investigation Division of the Internal Revenue Service, Confidential Informant: Understanding Law Enforcement's Most Valuable Tool examines the emotional and behavioral characteristics of the informant, as well as the psychology of trust and betrayal. The book also illustrates techniques for improving interviewing and communication skills when dealing with informants, and provides invaluable forms that can be used in connection with these vital sources of information.
 

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Hi John. I have read your fantstic book and will continue to review it when needed. Thank you so much.
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Contents

The Divine Manipulation of the Threads
3
A Study in Conflict
5
Definitions
7
The Divine Manipulation
10
Summing Up
12
Am I My Brothers Keeper?
13
Analysis
15
Control
16
Contact after Termination
138
World Trade Center Bombing
139
Analysis
142
Access
143
Control
144
Summing Up
145
Interviewing and Communications Skills
147
Basic Interviewing Rules
148

Summing Up
17
The Informant in Law Enforcement
19
A Short History of the Informant
20
A Field Guide to Informants
27
WitnessInformant
28
Source of Information
29
Unwitting Informant
30
We Could Have Shot the WellMeaning Old Meddler
31
Analysis
35
The Weight of Betrayal
37
Betrayal
39
The Weight of Betrayal a Clash of Loyalties
42
Analysis
44
Access
45
Summing Up
46
Motivation and Behavior
47
Informant Motivation
50
Fear
51
Threat of Harm by Associates
52
Revenge
53
Perverse
54
Egotistical
55
Mercenary
56
Repentance or Desire To Reform
57
Jealousy
58
Cop WannabeJames Bond
59
Mentally Disturbed Individuals
60
Summing Up
61
Analysis
64
Access
66
Control
68
Summing Up
70
Informant Development
71
Trust
72
Trust in the Officers Word
73
Trust in the Officers Discretion
74
Trust in the Officers Competence
75
Conclusion
76
Defining the Area of Conscience
77
Broadening the Area of Conscience
78
Motivation
80
Understand the Individuals Needs
81
Demonstrate or Explain How the Proposed Solution Fits the Individuals Needs
82
Rapport
83
Other Factors Influencing Rapport
84
Kinesics
85
Proxemics
86
Principles of Influence
87
Reciprocation
88
Consistency and Commitment
89
Social Proof
91
Authority
92
Scarcity
93
Informant Development
94
Progressive Approach
95
Determinate Approach
96
Construction
97
Dos and Donts
98
Respect
99
Setting the Interpersonal Relationship
100
Analysis
101
The Attempt to Recruit Lewinsky
102
Summary
104
Access
107
Access as a Factor of Trust
108
Determining Access
110
Creating Access
111
Summing Up
112
Analysis
114
Access
115
Control
116
Informant Management
119
Management
120
The Managers Role
121
A Good Idea and Why It Will Not Work
122
A Leadership Style for Informants
123
Share Information Not the Informant
124
Establishing Control
125
Evaluation and Assessment
126
Rating Scales
127
Maintaining Control
128
Frequency
129
Where To Meet an Informant
130
Emergency Contacts
132
Communication
133
Communication and Management
134
Documentation
136
Relinquishing Control
137
Corroboration Is the Key
149
Execution
150
Move From the General to the Specific
151
Use the Power of Association
152
Dealing with Deception
153
Informant Statements and the Law
154
The Law Regarding False Statements
155
Written Reports
156
The Law on Notes
157
Types of Statements
158
The Law on Statements
159
The Interview
161
Analysis
162
Access
164
Summing Up
165
Case Development
167
Rules for Case Development
168
Buy the Informant Not the Information But
169
Do Not Rely on the Informant To Make the Case This Is Your Responsibility
171
Always Assume Every Case Will End Up Before a Jury
172
Corroborate
173
Laboratory Analysis of Physical Evidence
174
Wiretapping Where Permitted by Law
175
Evaluate
176
Summing Up
177
Betraying the Boss of Bosses
178
Analysis
180
Motivation
181
Access
182
Control
183
Summing Up
184
Special Situations
185
Addicted Persons
186
Persons with Mental Health Problems
189
Legal Problems
190
Juveniles
192
Exceptional Categories
193
Reliability and Credibility Issues
194
Scenario 1
195
Scenario 4
196
The SuperInformant
197
PostTrial Relocation and the Witness Security Program
199
A Trust Betrayed
201
Legal Issues
203
Legal Definitions
204
Constitutional Issues Informants in Law Enforcement
205
Taking a More Active Role
207
Entrapment and the Informant
208
Credibility and the Question of Payment
210
Trading Leniency for Cooperation
211
Sentencing Guidelines and Substantial Assistance
213
Contingent Payments
214
Establishing Probable Cause
217
Disclosure of Identity
220
Liability and Employment
223
Statutes Protecting the Informant
225
Liability for Acts Committed by the Informant
230
Things Informants Do for Law Enforcement
231
Criminal Activity by Informants
234
Employment Issues
235
But You Promised
236
Summing Up
237
Ethical Considerations and Integrity
239
Ethics and the Informant System
240
Ethics and Informant Development
243
Promises Promises
244
The Officer Makes Promises He or She Has Neither the Power nor Intention To Keep
245
The Officer Makes an Illegal Promise
246
Integrity
247
Take Nothing from an Informant but Information
248
Give Nothing to an Informant Except That Which Is Officially Promised
249
Overlooking Criminal Activity by Informants
250
Benefiting from Confidential Information
251
Honor Your Obligations Where It Is Legally and Ethically Possible To Do So
252
Dont Break the Law To Enforce the Law or Allow the Informant To Do So
253
Judas and the Betrayal of Jesus
254
Analysis
255
Access
256
Conclusion
257
Appendices
259
Source Debriefing Guide
261
Federal Sentencing Guidelines
265
Informant Management Guidelines and Procedures
271
Reward Provisions
291
Informant Agreement
295
Bibliography
321
Index
327
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