Confined Electrons and Photons: New Physics and Applications

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Elias Burstein, Claude Weisbuch
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1995 - Science - 907 pages
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The optical properties of semiconductors have played an important role since the identification of semiconductors as "small" bandgap materials in the thinies, due both to their fundamental interest as a class of solids baving specific optical propenies and to their many important applications. On the former aspect we can cite the fundamental edge absorption and its assignment to direct or indirect transitions, many-body effects as revealed by exciton formation and photoconductivity. On the latter aspect, large-scale applications sucb as LEDs and lasers, photovoltaic converters, photodetectors, electro-optics and non-linear optic devices, come to mind. The eighties saw a revitalization of the whole field due to the advent of heterostructures of lower-dimensionality, mainly two-dimensional quantum wells, which through their enhanced photon-matter interaction yielded new devices with unsurpassed performance. Although many of the basic phenomena were evidenced through the seventies, it was this impact on applications which in turn led to such a massive investment in fabrication tools, thanks to which many new structures and materials were studied, yielding funher advances in fundamental physics.
 

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Contents

Dynamics of Optical Excitations in Semiconductors
15
Optical Transitions Excitons and Polaritons
57
Electron States in Biased Heterostructures
113
Phonons and ElectronPhonon Interaction in LowDimensional Structures
161
Excitonic Radiative Dynamics in Semiconductor Quantum Wells
205
Intersubband Transitions in Quantum Wells
249
Principles of Electron Solid State Electron Optics
269
Atomiclike Spectroscopy of Low Dimensional Electron Systems
305
Light Emission in Photonic Crystal MicroCavities
635
Fundamentals and Fabrications
647
Quantum Wells Optical Switching Devices
675
Highefficiency Narrow Spectrum Resonant Cavity Light Emitting Diodes
703
Vacuum Rabi Splitting in a Semiconductor Microcavity
729
Inward and Outward Integral Equations
741
SolitonPolariton Interaction near an Excitonic Resonance in Semiconductors
747
Dynamics of Excitons and ElectronHole Plasma Confined
753

Inelastic Scattering and Thermalization in lowi
325
Prospects of High Efficiency Quantum Boxes
357
Atoms in Cavities
383
Controlling Spontaneous Emission and Optical Microcavities
427
Spontaneous Emission Control in Semiconductor Microcavities
467
Strong Coupling in Semiconductor Microcavities
503
Localization of Light in Disordered and Periodic Dielectrics
523
Photonic Bloch Waves and Photonic Band Gaps
585
CoupledQuantum Wells for Optical Modulation
759
Inplane ElectroOptic Effect in a Quantum Well
765
Aspects of Polaritons
771
Interband Optical Transitions in Extremely Anisotropic Semiconductors
783
Effect of Retarded Interaction on the Exciton Spectrum
795
Spatial and Spectral Features of Polariton Fluorescence
809
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Page 646 - E. Yablonovitch, TJ Gmitter, RD Meade. AM Rappe, KD Brommer, and JD Joannopoulos. "Donor and acceptor modes in photonic band structure", Phys.

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