Confronting Fascism in Egypt: Dictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s
Confronting Fascism in Egypt offers a new reading of the political and intellectual culture of Egypt during the interwar era. Though scholarship has commonly emphasized Arab political and military support of Axis powers, this work reveals that the shapers of Egyptian public opinion were largely unreceptive to fascism, openly rejecting totalitarian ideas and practices, Nazi racism, and Italy's and Germany's expansionist and imperialist agendas. The majority (although not all) of Egyptian voices supported liberal democracy against the fascist challenge, and most Egyptians sought to improve and reform, rather than to replace and destroy, the existing constitutional and parliamentary system. The authors place Egyptian public discourse in the broader context of the complex public sphere within which debate unfolded—in Egypt's large and vibrant network of daily newspapers, as well as the weekly or monthly opinion journals—emphasizing the open, diverse, and pluralistic nature of the interwar political and cultural arena. In examining Muslim views of fascism at the moment when classical fascism was at its peak, this enlightening book seriously challenges the recent assumption of an inherent Muslim predisposition toward authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and "Islamo-Fascism."
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Introduction Narratives of Modern Egyptian History
The Historical Setting
Prologue Public Sphere and Public Discourse in Interwar
The Fascist Threat as Seen in the Egyptian Daily Press
Mockery and Terror
Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism I
Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism II
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Confronting Fascism in Egypt: Dictatorship Versus Democracy in the 1930s
Israel Gershoni,James Jankowski
No preview available - 2010
Adham aggression Ahmad Husayn al-Ahram al-Habasha al-Harb al-Hilal al-Majalla al-Jadida al-Misri al-Muqattam al-Musawwar al-Risala al-Thaqafa Almaniya anti-Semitism Aryan authoritarian Banna bayna BDFA Britain British Cairo caliphate caricature contemporary crisis cultural Czechoslovakia Danzig democratic dictatorial dictatorship discourse editorial effendiyya Egyptian intellectuals Egyptian press Egyptian public Ethiopia Europe European Faruq Fascism and Nazism Fascist and Nazi Fascist Italy German Germany’s Hasan al-Banna Hitler Ibid ideological imperialism imperialist Inan interwar Islamic Italian Fascism Italiya Italy’s Jewish Jews journal July King Faruq Lampson to Halifax liberal democracy Mahir Mahmud Mediterranean Middle East military Misr modern movement Muhammad Munich Munich Agreement Muslim Brothers Mussolini Nahhas nationalist Nazi Germany Nazi racism Nazi regime Nazism Palace Palestine parliamentary parties political propaganda public sphere race racism Ramadan Salama Musa Sept social society Tatawwur threat totalitarian Wafd Wafdist Western democracies Young Egypt