Conscience of the Nation: Writers, State, and Society in Modern Egypt
Artfully combining social and literary history, this unique study explores the dual loyalties of contemporary Egyptian authors from the 1952 Revolution to the present day. Egypt's writers have long had an elevated idea of their social mission, considering themselves 'the conscience of the nation.' At the same time, modern Egyptian writers work under the liberal conception of the writer borrowed from the European model. As a result, each Egyptian writer treads the tightrope between authority and freedom, social commitment and artistic license, loyalty to the state and to personal expression, in an ongoing quest for an elusive literary ideal. With these fundamentals in mind, Conscience of the Nation examines Egyptian literary production over the past fifty years, surveying works by established writers, as well as those of dozens of other authors who are celebrated in Egypt but whose writings are largely unknown to the foreign reader. Novelists and poets, scriptwriters and playwrights, critics and journalists--all have battled with and tried to resolve the tensions inherent in the conflicting forces of self and society.
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Genesis of the Modern Egyptian Literary Field
The Egyptian Arab and International Fields
Censorship and Censors
The Literature Market
Consciences of the Nation
Foreign Languages and Translation
Literature and Identity
Margins and Boundaries
academic aesthetic Ahmad al-Adab al-Ahram al-Azhar al-Ghitani al-Hakim al-Kharrat al-Siba'i American University Arab literary Arabic literature Arabic novel Arabic orig artistic avant-garde awarded Bencheikh born Cairo Press Cairo University career censorship classical contemporary criticism Crosshatching cultural dialect dominant Dunqul Egypt Egyptian Book Organization Egyptian writers elite English example expression Faruq fiction free verse freedom French Gamal al-Ghitani genre Higazi ideology intellectual Islamic Jahin Jamel-Eddin journalist kind language Latifa al-Zayyat legitimate Leslie Tramontani literary avant-garde literary production London Mahmud maqama Misr Modern Arabic Literature Muhammad Naguib Mahfouz narrative Nasser Nawal El Saadawi norms Nubian onward Paris period plays poems poetic poetry poets political Prize prose published realist Reference Donohue regime Saadawi Sadat Salah short stories Shukri social Sonallah Ibrahim symbolic Taha Hussein Taher Tawfiq al-Hakim texts theater traditional translated University in Cairo Writers Union written Yacoubian Building Yahya Yusuf Idris