Consciousness and Revolution in Soviet Philosophy: From the Bolsheviks to Evald Ilyenkov
This is the first critical history of the philosophical culture of the USSR, and the first substantial treatment of a modern Soviet philosopher's work by a Western author. The book identifies a significant tradition within Soviet Marxism that has produced powerful theories exploring the origins of meaning and value, the relation of thought and language, and the nature of the self. The tradition is presented through the work of Evald Ilyenkov (1924-79), the thinker who did the most to rejuvenate Soviet philosophy after its suppression under Stalin. Professor Bakhurst sets Ilyenkov's contribution against the background of the bitter debates that divided Soviet philosophers in the 1920s, the "sociohistorical psychology" of Vygotsky, the controversies over Lenin's legacy, and the philosophy of Stalinism. He traces Ilyenkov's tense relationship with the Soviet philosophical establishment and his passionate polemics with Soviet opponents. This book offers a unique insight into the world of Soviet philosophy, the place of politics within it, and its prospects in the age of glasnost and perestroika.
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Deborinites Mechanists and Bolshevizera
The defeat of the Mechanists
The philosophical significance of the controversy
Lenin and the Leninist stage in Soviet philosophy
Ilyenkov and dialectical method
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abstract Alexander Bogdanov analysis anthropocentricity antireductionism argument blind-deaf Bogdanov Bolshevik Bolshevizers brain capacities Cartesian Chapter child claims cognition conception concrete universal consciousness contribution Deborin Deborinites dialectical materialism dialectical method dualism Dubrovsky Dubrovsky's empiricism empiricist Empiriocriticism ence entities environment epistemology Evald Ilyenkov exists experience explain external world fact genetic Hegel higher mental functions idea ideal properties idealist Ilyenkov 1960a Ilyenkov argues Ilyenkov holds Ilyenkov's position independently individual inner speech internal ject Kantian Lenin Leninist Leninist stage logical Marx Marx's Marxist material world Materialism and Empiriocriticism materialist means Mechanists ment Meshcheryakov's methodological solipsism Mikhailov mind objectification objective idealism objective reality organization phenomena philo physical picture political possible problem psychological radical realism relation represents Russian scientific sense significance social Soviet philosophy spirit Stalin structure theoretical theory things thinking thought and speech tion tradition transformation ture two-worlds understanding unity Vygotsky Vygotsky's writings yenkov