Conservation of Medicinal Plants

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Olayiwola Akerele, Vernon Heywood, Hugh Synge
Cambridge University Press, Jul 26, 1991 - Science - 362 pages
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Nearly all cultures, from ancient times to today, have used plants as a source of medicine. In many developing countries, traditional medicine is still the mainstay of health care and most of the drugs and cures used come from plants. In developed countries many people are turning to herbal remedies. With this widespread use has come the assumption that plants identified as having medicinal qualities will be available on a continuing basis. However no concerted effort has been made to ensure this and in the face of the threats of increasing demand, a vastly increasing human population and extensive forest destruction, there can be no guarantee that we will continue to benefit indefinitely from this valuable resource. In light of this situation the World Health Organisation held a meeting in 1988. This book is the outcome of that meeting, detailing in a series of papers by leading experts the problems of which need to be addressed, the existing experiences from a range of countries and the future direction which must be taken to ensure the conservation of the world's medicinal plants.
 

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spineless solanum khasianum has high content of glycoalkaloids
table 4

Contents

Policies and Priorities
3
The Joint IUCNWWF Plants Conservation Programme
13
Global Importance of Medicinal Plants
25
Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Plants the Search
53
The Reason for Ethnobotanical Conservation
65
Valuing the Biodiversity of Medicinal Plants
79
Economic Aspects of Exploitation of Medicinal Plants
125
Industry and the Conservation of Medicinal Plants
141
Biotechnology in the Production and Conservation
179
Enhancing the Role of Protected Areas
199
Botanic Gardens and the Conservation of Medicinal Plants
213
The Role of Chinese Botanical Gardens
229
Policies and Organisation for Medicinal Plant
241
Experience in the Conservation of Medicinal
249
Medicinal Plants and the
259
The Need
273

Information Systems and Databases for
147
Agronomy Applied to Medicinal Plant Conservation
167
Germplasm Genetic Erosion and the Conservation
281
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About the author (1991)

Vernon Heywood is an Emeritus Professor in the School of Plant Sciences at the University of Reading, UK. He was Chief Scientist for plant conservation at IUCN and founding Director of Botanic Gardens Conservation International. He co-ordinated and edited the UNEP Global Biodiversity Assessment and has published over 60 books and 400 scientific papers.

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