Conservation of Rare or Little-Known Species: Biological, Social, and Economic Considerations

Front Cover
Martin G. Raphael, Randy Molina
Island Press, Mar 19, 2013 - Science - 389 pages
Some ecosystem management plans established by state and federal agencies have begun to shift their focus away from single-species conservation to a broader goal of protecting a wide range of flora and fauna, including species whose numbers are scarce or about which there is little scientific understanding. To date, these efforts have proved extremely costly and complex to implement. Are there alternative approaches to protecting rare or little-known species that can be more effective and less burdensome than current efforts?

Conservation of Rare or Little-Known Species represents the first comprehensive scientific evaluation of approaches and management options for protecting rare or little-known terrestrial species. The book brings together leading ecologists, biologists, botanists, economists, and sociologists to classify approaches, summarize their theoretical and conceptual foundations, evaluate their efficacy, and review how each has been used.

Contributors consider combinations of species and systems approaches for overall effectiveness in meeting conservation and ecosystem sustainability goals. They discuss the biological, legal, sociological, political, administrative, and economic dimensions by which conservation strategies can be gauged, in an effort to help managers determine which strategy or combination of strategies is most likely to meet their needs. Contributors also discuss practical considerations of implementing various strategies.

Conservation of Rare or Little-Known Species gives land managers access to a diverse literature and provides them with the basic information they need to select approaches that best suit their conservation objectives and ecological context. It is an important new work for anyone involved with developing land management or conservation plans.

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Conservation Goals and Objectives
Species Rarity Definition Causes and Classification
Definitions and Attributes of LittleKnown Species
Special Considerations for the Science Conservation and Management of Rare or LittleKnown Species
SpeciesLevel Strategies for Conserving Rare or LittleKnown Species
SystemLevel Strategies for Conserving Rare or LittleKnown Species
Effectiveness of Alternative Management Strategies in Meeting Conservation Objectives
Social Considerations
Economic Considerations
Implementation Considerations
A Process for Selection and Implementation of Conservation Approaches

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Page 19 - Fish and wildlife habitat shall be managed to maintain viable populations of existing native and desired non-native vertebrate species in the planning area.
Page 19 - USC 1604 (g) (3) (B) , directing the development of regulations to specify guidelines for land management plans to provide for diversity of plant and animal communities based on the suitability and capability of the specific land area.
Page 19 - Endangered species are those in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of their range.

About the author (2013)

Martin G. Raphael is a research scientist with the U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, where he leads research on conservation of biological diversity and population ecology of at-risk wildlife.

Randy Molina recently retired as a research scientist with the U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, where he led the forest mycology team on issues of fungal ecology, ecosystem function, conservation, and management. He owns a mycological consulting business and is an adjunct professor for Oregon State University.

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