Conserving Walt Whitman's Fame: Selections from Horace Traubel's Conservator, 1890-1919

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Gary Schmidgall
University of Iowa Press, Mar 1, 2006 - Literary Criticism - 478 pages
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It is now difficult to imagine that, in the years before Whitman's death in 1892, there was real doubt in the minds of Whitman and his literary circle whether Leaves of Grass would achieve lasting fame. Much of the critical commentary in the first decade after his burial in Camden was as negative as that in Boston's Christian Register, which spoke of Whitman as someone who “succeeded in writing a mass of trash without form, rhythm, or vitality.”That the balance finally tipped toward admiration, culminating in Whitman's acceptance into the literary canon, was due substantially to the unflagging labor of Horace Traubel, famous for his nine volumes of Whitman conversations but less well known for his provocative monthly journal of socialist politics and avant-garde culture, the Conservator.Conserving Walt Whitman's Fame offers a generous selection from the enormous trove of Whitman-related materials that Traubel included in the 352 issues of the Conservator. Among the revelatory, perceptive, and often entertaining items presented here are the most illuminating of the Conservator's more than 150 topical essays on Whitman and memoirs by many of his friends and literary cohorts that shed new light on the poet, his work, and his critical reception. Also important is the richer understanding these pages afford of Horace Traubel's own sophisticated, deeply humane, and feisty views of America.
 

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Contents

1 Horace Traubels Editorial Style Credos and Worldview
1
2 Memoirs of Walt Leaves of Grassand the Whitman Circle
36
3 Topical Articles on Whitman
105
Reviews and Notices of Whitman Editions
193
Rejecters Defenders Reception
221
6 Sex Morality
321
A Whitman and Traubel Potpourri
347
8 The Whitman Centennial IssueMay 1919
380
Finalé
403
Appendix 1 Topical Articles on Whitman in the Conservator
405
Appendix 2 Libraries Holding the Conservator
409
Index
411
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Gary Schmidgall is a professor of English at Hunter College, the City University of New York, and the editor of Intimate with Walt: Selections from Whitman's Conversations with Horace Traubel, 1888-1892 (Iowa 2001). His other Whitman books are Walt Whitman: A Gay Life and Walt Whitman: Selected Poems 1855--1892. He has also published books on Shakespeare and on the relation between literature and opera as well as a biography of Oscar Wilde.

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