Constraints on Pulaar Phonology
Constraints in Pulaar Phonology provides clear and convincing analyses and solutions to linguistic phenomena whose treatment in the literature remained unsatisfactory until now. An analysis of the metrical structure and other morphological and phonological processes in Pulaar shows the need for further distinctions beyond the generally admitted binary ones. The argument is supported by various processes that obtain in Pulaar, a dialect of Fula, a language of the West Atlantic Branch of the Niger Congo Language Family. The analyses adopted show Pulaar not only breaks this binary distinction but also makes a four way weight distinction in contrast to other views according to which only a two way weight distinction prevails in languages. The analysis of the metrical system of Pulaar shows that stress assignment is sensitive to the "sonority" hierarchy of the syllables in the word. Four sonority levels (CV
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binary left headed binary right headed causative suffix complex structure CVC Conflating lines constituent is constructed constraints constructed whose head CV CVV CV CVC CV CVV CVVC degenerate foot deletion rule eliminates eliminates the incorrectly empty X-slot epenthesis exemplified extrametrical on line foot are constructed Fula Fulani gemination processes Hamitic languages heads are projected heavy syllable illustrated imperative incorrectly placed secondary last syllable left headed constituent left is left long vowel major stress falls marked extrametrical Meinhof naat ngal nominal complex structure noun noy tu noo pentasyllabic verbal complex penultimate syllable placed secondary stress prenasalized consonants projected on line proposed analysis Prunet Pulaar ran noo right headed constituent right is right right syllable secondary stress occurs segment Serer Serer-Sin singular stress deletion rule stress patterns structure CVC CV Sudanian languages suffix syllabification syllable is marked tensed verb verbal complex structure vowel initial suffixes Wolof