Constructing Educational Inequality: An Assessment of Research on School Processes
Psychology Press, 1996 - Démocratisation de l'enseignement - Recherche - Grande-Bretagne - 212 pages
The issue of educational opportunity has long been of public concern and a major focus for eduational research. As a result, there is now a substantial body of research findings in this field, both quantitative and qualitative.; This work relates to various levels of the educational system and to different categories of student, but particularly social class, gender, ethnicity and race. The central trend has been to find persisting inequalities despite reform at system, institutional and classroom levels. Furthermore, the educational system is frequently portrayed as playing a key role in reproducing wider social and economic inequalities.; This book examines the status of educational inequality as a social problem, explores the conceptual issues surrounding it, assesses a representative sample of recent research, and seeks to clarify the relevant methodological ground rules, thereby laying the basis for future research in the field.
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ability academic achievement Afro-Caribbean students allocation argued argument Asian students assessment assumptions attitudes Ball band basis behaviour boys categories of student causal Chapter claims classroom comprehensive school concept concerned conclusions constructionist cultural curriculum descriptive discrimination discussion distribution education system educational inequality educational outcomes effects equality equality of outcome equity error ethnic-minority students evaluative evidence examination example factual focus foundationalism GCSE gender gerrymandering Gillbom Gillborn girls Halsey Hammersley Hargreaves implied important interaction interpretations involved Jayleigh judgments knowledge labelling theory Marxist mathematics middle-class observation opportunity option choice outcome inequalities particular plausible political possibilitarian post-structuralism presented pupils qualifications qualitative research racism relation relevant rely reproduction theory research on educational result Riddell role school processes selection self-esteem sets sexism significant small number social categories social class social constructionism social constructionist society sociologists sociology of education streams studies subjects teacher attention tion treated Troyna validity working-class children Wright