Constructing Scientific Psychology: Karl Lashley's Mind-Brain Debates
Constructing Scientific Psychology is the first full-scale interpretation of the life and work of the major American neuropsychologist Karl Lashley. It sets Lashley's research at the heart of two controversies that polarized the American life and human sciences in the first half of the twentieth century. These concerned the relationship between "mind" and "brain" and the relative roles of "nature" and "nurture" in shaping behavior and intelligence. The book explodes the myth of Lashley's neuropsychology as a fact-driven, "pure" science by arguing that a belief in the power of heredity and a nativist and deeply conservative racial ideology informed every aspect of his theory and practice.
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The origins of a hereditarian
2 Lashley Watson and the meaning of behaviorism
3 The pursuit of a Neutral Science
4 Neuropsychology and hereditarianism
5 Psychobiology and Progressivism
The LashleyHerrick debate
7 Hull and psychology as a social science
The LashleyHull debate
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Adolf Meyer American school analogy argued basis became behavior genetics behaviorist biological brain function career cerebral cortex Cerebral Function Charles Judson Charles Manning Child Child Clark Hull Coghill Committee Comparative Psychology concem conditioned reﬂex consciousness cortex deﬁnition determined embryology environment equipotentiality eugenists evolution example experimental experiments fact ﬁeld ﬁndings ﬁrst folder Franz Function in Learning genetics Gestalt habit hereditarian heredity History Hull Hull’s human Ibid idea individual inﬂuence innate intelligence introspection Jennings Jennings’s John Karl Lashley laboratory Lashley Papers Lashley to Watson Lashley wrote Lashley’s leaming Mechanisms mental mind mind-body problem nervous system neural neurology Neuropsychology of Lashley organism pattem physiological problem processes progress protozoa psychoanalysis Psychobiology Psychological Review psychology race rats reactions reﬂex reﬂex arcs reﬂex concept reﬂex theory response scientiﬁc scientists sensory sexual social society speciﬁc Spence Papers stimulus structure Studies of Cerebral tion University of Chicago University Press Yerkes