Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations Since 1875
This book illuminates the central role played by international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) in the emergence and development of a comprehensive world polity. The contributors argue that the enormous proliferation of INGOs since 1875 including international environmental organizations, human rights groups, bodies formed to regulate technical standards, and economic development organizations, among others both reflects and contributes to the spread of global institutions and cultural principles based on models of rationality, individualism, progress, and universalism. The contributors contrast this world-polity perspective to other approaches to understanding globalization, including realist and neo-realist analyses in the field of international relations, and world-system theory and interstate competition theory in sociology.
The volume considers transnational organizing as a historical process of the creation of global rules and norms, changing over time, that have identifiable effects on social organization at the national and local levels. The chapters provide empirical support for this approach, identifying specific mechanisms that translate global cultural assumptions and prescriptions into local social activity, such as the creation of state agencies, the formulation of government policies, and the emergence of social movements. The first part of the book deals with social movement INGOs, including environmental groups, women s rights organizations, the Esperanto movement, and the International Red Cross. The second part treats technical and economic bodies, including the International Organization for Standardization, population policy groups, development organizations, and international professional science associations.
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International Nongovernmental Organizations in the World Polity
National Participation in WorldPolity Organization
The Rationalization and Organization of Nature
The Emergence and Transformation of the International
The Role of Esperanto
The International Red Cross
Technical Scientific and Development Sectors
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action activity actors agenda analysis arena associations Boli century Chapter Committee Convention density development INGOs dominant Dunant economic emerged environment environmental INGOs epistemic communities Esperantists Esperanto INGOs Esperanto movement eugenics founding rate Geneva Geneva Convention global identity global standardization goals governments groups growth human rights humanitarian ICRC IGOs increased individuals INGO authority INGO foundings INGO population INGOs and IGOs institutionalized interests intergovernmental international organizations international women's international-development League of Nations legitimate ment Meyer military moral nation-states neo-Malthusian neoliberal neorealist NGOs nongovernmental organizations official operations organizational oriented science INGOs participation percent period population control population-control discourse principles professional science INGOs promote rational voluntarism Red Cross regional relief societies role scientific socially oriented science standardization sector standards bodies structures suffrage technical ternational tion tional transnational United Nations variables women's movement world culture world polity World War II world-polity world-system theory