Constructing Socialism: Technology and Change in East Germany 1945-1990
Trabant cars carried many East Germans westward after the Berlin Wall came down in November 1989. The car's 1950s design, obvious environmental incorrectness and all-plastic body became a symbol of the technological limitations of East German communism. But as Raymond G. Stokes points out in this text, eastern Germany in 1945 was one of the most highly developed, technologically sophisticated industrial areas in the world. Despite the evident failings of its technology by the late 1980s, the German Democratic Republic maintained advanced technological capability in selected areas. If the system itself was fundamentally flawed, what explains successes under the very same system? Why could the successes not be repeated in other areas? And if examples of success are so isolated, how did East Germany last as long as it did?
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Technology in the Soviet Zone 19451949
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Allied Apel autarky Bericht Berlin Crisis Berlin Wall BStU central chemical industry computing construction cooperation country's despite Deutsche early East German eastern bloc economic efforts electronics Entwicklung especially factories foreign Forschung und Technik Frankfurt GDR economy GDR industry GDR system GDR's German Democratic Republic German technological Group Technology Hannover high-technology Honecker I. G. Farben ideological impact important increased instance institutions Jena late Leipzig Trade Fair Leuna machine building Macrakis major manufacture ment nological norms organization percent personnel petrochemical petroleum planning plant Politburo political problems production Rainer Karlsch raw materials research and development Schwedt science and technology scientific Second Berlin Crisis sectors semiconductor social socialist technology Soviet Union Soviet zone standards Stasi system of innovation tech technical technological development tion traditions transistors Ulbricht Volkseigene Betriebe West western zone of occupation