Constructing the Ancient World: Architectural Techniques of the Greeks and Romans
Malacrino devotes the final chapters to construction methods for hydraulic systems, roads, and bridges necessary to support growing urban centers. The Greeks' early efforts in transporting water and in building roads were surpassed by the Romans' vast network of thoroughfares and elevated aqueducts, the infrastructure needed to bind together a far-flung empire. With their invention of a system for heating their baths, the Romans paved the way for the cultural phenomenon of communal bathing as a central event in daily urban life. Using straightforward language and clear descriptions of construction processes, accompanied by detailed drawings of the technologies discussed. Malacrino reveals how the ancient Greeks and Romans were able to produce such technically sophisticated and monumental projects, and how modern architectural engineers are indebted to their ancient counterparts. --Book Jacket.
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Stone and Marble
Clay and Terracotta
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Acropolis ancient Aqua Aqua Marcia aqueduct arches architect architecture Athens Augustan period baked bathing complex bottom bridge building built cella centimeters circular clay color columns composed construction Corinth covered created crepidoma decorated denari Domus Aurea Elder N.H. elements emperor erected euthynteria example excavations extracted facade facing walls Forum foundations fourth century B.C. Greece grooves heat inserted Karphi layer lime limestone lithos located marmor masonry meters method mixture monumental mortar mud bricks opisthodomos opus caementicium opus incertum opus quadratum opus reticulatum opus testaceum pieces plaster Pliny the Elder Pompeii pozzolana pulleys quarries reconstruction roads rock Roman Roman architecture Rome roof Sanctuary sand second century B.C. seventh century B.C. shafts shape sixth century B.C. slabs socle space squared blocks stone blocks structure surface technique Temple of Apollo terracotta Tiber tiles tion transportation travertine tufa vault Vitruvius white marble wooden