Contemporary Arab Thought: Cultural Critique in Comparative Perspective
During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.
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Abdel Abu Zayd according African Philosophy al-Ansari al-Arabi al-Arabiyya al-Azm al-Azmeh al-Jabiri al-Nahda al-Tahtawi Amin Arab culture Arab intellectual Arab societies Arab thinkers Arab thought Arab world Arkoun authenticity Averroes Beirut Cairo challenges Christian civilization civilizational claim colonial conception contemporary Arab crisis critical critique debates decolonization defeat democracy democratic discourse dominated economic Egypt Egyptian Enlightenment essay essentialist ethnophilosophy Europe European Feminism feminist gender Hanafi heritage Hisham Sharabi human Ibid ideas identity ideology important Islamic Islamists issues Laroui Latin American Lebanese legacy liberation malaise movements Muhammad Abduh Muslim Nahda Nawal el-Saadawi négritude ofthe one’s oppression Ottoman past political postcolonial present problems Qasim Amin questions Quran reality reason reform religion religious repression Salafi says secular secularist sense Sharabi social struggle Studies Taha Husayn Tarabichi theology tion tradition translated turath twentieth century University Press Wannous West Western women Zakariyya Zurayq