Contested Forms of Governance in Marine Protected Areas: A Study of Co-management and Adaptive Co-management

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Routledge, 2013 - Political Science - 200 pages
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In this book, the authors examine the governance of marine protected areas (MPA), and in particular they compare two different forms of governance - co-management (CM) and adaptive co-management (ACM). CM is characterized by the decentralization of the decision-making process, incorporating the governed as well as the government. ACM is characterized by the dynamic process whereby co-management decision-making is made continuously responsive to the changing ecological and socio-economic circumstances of the MPA. 

The authors carry out a comprehensive critical analysis of CM and ACM before applying these concepts to the case study of the Cayos Cochinos Marine Protected Area off Honduras to assess two successive management cycles, 2004-9 and 2008-13. The area was designated as an MPA in 1993, a governmental decision which was met with resentment by local communities. CM was introduced in 2004 to involve these local stakeholders in the decision-making process, but achieved limited success. In an attempt to deal with these deficiencies, ACM was adopted in the second management plan in 2008, but whereas the position of the local communities improved, it tipped the scales too far away from conservation. A third management plan is currently being prepared that promises to strike a better balance between ecological and socio-economic objectives. A central theme of the book is to examine how far the CCMPA adhered to the principles of CM and ACM respectively in its first two management plans.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
conventional management comanagement adaptive management and adaptive comanagement
11
3 The ecological impact of CM and ACM in the CCMPA
67
4 The socioeconomic impact of CM and ACM in the CCMPA
93
5 The governmental impact of CM and ACM in the CCMPA
119
6 Evaluation of CM and ACM in the two management plans
153
7 The future of adaptive comanagement in the Cayos Cochinos Marine Protected Area
168
Notes
173
References
175
Index
191
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About the author (2013)

Natalie Bown is Senior Policy Advisor in a Public Sector organization, UK.

Tim Gray is a Senior Research Investigator and Emeritus Professor of Political Thought, School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, Newcastle University, UK.

Selina Stead is Professor of Marine Governance and Environmental Science, School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, UK.

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