Continuity, Chance and Change: The Character of the Industrial Revolution in England
The Industrial Revolution produced the modern world, a world of increased affluence, longevity, urbanization, and travel. This book illuminates how the great surge of economic growth that determined these changes was not expected, and often went unnoticed. The author begins by discussing the kind of substantial economic growth that was predicted at the time, and goes on to cover the growth that was unexpected. The link between these two types of growth is presented in the context of English economic growth between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries and leads the author to challenge convincingly the conventional view that the Industrial Revolution was a simple, unitary, and consciously progressive phenomenon. .E.A. Wrigley is Senior Research Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford University. He is the author of several books, among them, Population and History (McGraw-Hill) The Population History of England (CUP) and Continuity, Chance and Change (CUP).
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acres Adam Smith adult male advanced organic economy Britain British economic growth capitalist cent classical economists constraints countries decades declining marginal returns draught animals Dutch Dutch golden age Dutch Republic early modern eighteenth century Ellen McArthur employment English economy estimates Europe European example farm fertility figure fuel further heat energy horse Ibid importance income per head industrial revolution investment labour force labour productivity land later limits to growth living standards Malthus manufacturing marriage mechanical energy million mineral mineral-based energy economy nature needs nineteenth century organic raw materials output per head peat percentage period pinmakers population growth rates Population history problems productiv productivity per head proportion proto-industrial quantity rate of growth ratio real incomes real wages rise scale society specialization of function substantial suggest supply term tion tons transport trends Urban growth Wealth of nations Wrigley