Continuity in Linguistic Semantics
Catherine Fuchs, Bernard Victorri
John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 255 pages
Until recently, most linguistic theories as well as theories of cognition have avoided use of the notion of continuity. At the moment, however, several linguistic trends, sharing a preoccupation with semantico-cognitive problems (e.g. cognitive grammars, 'psychomechanics', 'enunciative theories'), are trying to go beyond the constraints imposed by discrete approaches. At the same time, mathematical (e.g. differential geometry and dynamical systems) and computer science tools (e.g. connectionism) have been proposed that can be used for modelling of continuous linguistic phenomena. In this volume, linguists, philosophers, mathematicians and computer scientists discuss which semantic phenomena (linked to the lexicon, to grammatical theories or to syntactic structures) call for continuous models and which formalisation tools can contribute to the development of such models. The first part of the book is devoted to linguistic issues, the second part deals with modelling issues. Many important questions are raised in the discussion, for instance: Is continuity just a convenient representation of gradual yet discrete facts, or is it an intrinsic characteristic of semantic phenomena? How can the introduction of continuity be reconciled with a methodology based on the falsifiability of theories? What is the link between continuity and Gestalt theory? Can linguistic continuity be accounted for by mathematical models? What about statistical models? How can continuity be implemented on a digital and therefore discrete machine?
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PART I LINGUISTIC ISSUES
DISCRETENESS IN COGNITIVE SEMANTICS
CONTINUITY AND MODALITY
CONTINUUM IN COGNITION AND CONTINUUM IN LANGUAGE
IS THERE CONTINUITY IN SYNTAX ?
THE USE OF COMPUTER CORPORAIN THE TEXTUAL DEMONSTRABILITY OF GRADIENCE IN LINGUISTIC CATEGORIES
ITS BASIS RESOURCES AND LIMITS
WHAT KIND OF MODELS DO WE NEED FOR THE SIMULATION OF UNDERSTANDING ?
CONTINUUM COGNITION AND LINGUISTICS
REFLECTIONS ON HANSJAKOB SEILERS CONTINUUM
MORPHODYNAMICS AND COGNITIVE GRAMMAR
A DISCRETE APPROACH BASED ON LOGIC SIMULATING CONTINUITY IN LEXICAL SEMANTICS
COARSE CODING AND THE LEXICON
UNDERSTANDING THE VERB CUT
THE USE OF CONTINUITY IN MODELLING SEMANTIC PHENOMENA
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abstract actants activity analysis approach Artificial Intelligence attractors basic bien coarse coding cognitive grammar cognitive linguistics cognitive space con concept configuration Connectionism connectionist construction context conti continuous models continuum corpus defined definition dis discrete distinct domain dynamical system Eleanor Rosch encoding example expressions fact factors Figure framework frequency Fuchs function genitive genus geometry Goffic gradience hermeneutical hidden units inferences input interpretation intuition Lakoff Langacker 1987 language linguistic linguistique marcher mathematical meaning metaphor modality neurons nodes notion noun object parameters Paris participants perception Petitot peut phenomena physical polysemous words polysemy possible pragmatic rules pre-comprehension predicate prepositions pro problem properties qualitative question receptive fields reference point relation represent representation role Seiler semantic features semes sense sentence situation Smolensky space spatial specific structure subducted symbolic syntactic Talmy technique theory tion topology Touretzky transition vector verb Victorri