Contributions to the Archæology of Missouri, Part 1

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Page 5 - ... is the dividing line between the valleys of these two streams. The region to the east and north of Crawley's ridge is termed the Swamp ridge of Missouri and Arkansas. It attains in places a width of forty miles, and a length north and south of about two hundred and fifty miles. The general surface is but little above the mean stage of water in the Mississippi river, and is yearly subject to overflow. It is in this valley, principally along the banks of the Mississippi, St. Francis, and Little...
Page 22 - It is impossible to determine when the manufacture was invented. Clay is a material so generally diffused, and its plastic nature so easily discovered, that the art of working it does not exceed the intelligence of the rudest savage.
Page 11 - ... in a sitting posture. As the first skeletons were uncovered on the outer margin, they were found lying side by side with a covering of about 14" of earth. The next layer immediately above was advanced a little nearer the centre. Then followed others in the same order, until finally they were...
Page 11 - The northern settlement [Plate C], on the West Lake, is about thirteen miles above the town of New Madrid on the edge of the swamp. The bluff rises about 22' above the present water level in the swamp, and is quite steep. A wall and ditch surround the settlement, the former of which is 3' to 3' 6" high and the latter 18" to 2
Page 30 - Co. warrant, are : that, while it teaches us nothing as to the identity of the people who produced it or of their relation to others, and while it gives us no information of their religious sentiments or their secular customs, beyond the fact that they followed the universal custom of burying objects of art...
Page 8 - ... of their action are still to be seen in many places. Wellmarked traces of old land-slips and crevasses are frequently to be met with along the borders of the "ridges...
Page 30 - ... it does teach us, that these early inhabitants had long since emerged from a condition of barbarity and had attained a degree of civilization and culture, which, if acquired by the slow process which we observe in historic races, will date their existence back centuries before the discovery of this continent.
Page 12 - a skeleton was found extended at full length on the back, with the skull resting upon a stone weighing sixteen pounds. The stone is a smooth drift boulder of quartzite, having at one side, which lay uppermost, nearly a flat surface with an artificial depression in the centre.
Page 8 - ... Settlement". That part of the ridge on which the village is located is somewhat isolated, and is nearly half a mile long by an eighth of a mile wide. The wall is at present two hundred and twelve feet high and seven feet wide; the ditch outside is one and one-half to three feet deep, by seven feet wide. A group of nine mounds and a large number of circular depressions, forming three sides of a parallelogram, characterize the settlement. The principal mound is rectangular, is sixteen feet high,...
Page 11 - It is elliptical in plan, 110' by 70' in diameter at the base and 11' high. The long axis of the mound is parallel with the swamp. Excavations have been made in this mound, bat nothing of importance was discovered. The mound marked (29) is one of the burial mounds of the group. It is a low flat mound of circular outline, 90' in diameter and 7' 6

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