Conversational Repair and Human Understanding

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Makoto Hayashi, Geoffrey Raymond, Jack Sidnell
Cambridge University Press, Jan 17, 2013 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 383 pages
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Humans are imperfect, and problems of speaking, hearing and understanding are pervasive in ordinary interaction. This book examines the way we 'repair' and correct such problems as they arise in conversation and other forms of human interaction. The first book-length study of this topic, it brings together a team of scholars from the fields of anthropology, communication, linguistics and sociology to explore how speakers address problems in their own talk and that of others, and how the practices of repair are interwoven with non-verbal aspects of communication such as gaze and gesture, across a variety of languages. Specific chapters highlight intersections between repair and epistemics, repair and turn construction, and repair and action formation. Aimed at researchers and students in sociolinguistics, speech communication, conversation analysis and the broader human and social sciences to which they contribute - anthropology, linguistics, psychology and sociology - this book provides a state-of-the-art review of conversational repair, while charting new directions for future study.

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Conversational repair and human understanding an introduction
Ten operations in selfinitiated sameturn repair
Selfrepair and action construction
On the place of hesitating in delicate formulations a turnconstructional infrastructure for collaborative indiscretion
One question after another sameturn repair in the formation of yesno type initiating actions
On the interactional import of selfrepair in the courtroom
Defensive mechanisms Imeanprefaced utterances in complaint and other conversational sequences
Availability as a trouble source in directiveresponse sequences
Epistemics action formation and otherinitiation of repair the case of partial questioning repeats
Proffering insertable elements a study of otherinitiated repair in Japanese
Alternative subsequent descriptions
Huh? What? a first survey in twentyone languages

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About the author (2013)

Makoto Hayashi is Associate Professor in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Geoffrey Raymond is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Jack Sidnell is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto.

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