Cooperative Research and Development: The Industry—University—Government Relationship

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Albert N. Link, Gregory Tassey
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1989 - Business & Economics - 218 pages
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We must all hang together or surely we will all hang separately. Benjamin Franklin The significant apathy that characterized relationships between indus try and universities and the adversarial nature of relationships between industry and government have both faded rapidly in the 1980s as the realities of global competition have surfaced in the United States. Both industry and government leaders articulate a number of constructs for regaining our competitiveness in world markets. One of the more fre quent strategies prescribed in this new competitiveness era is cooperation. Different individuals or groups may espouse different definitions, inter pretations, or areas of emphasis, but the overall importance of this concept is substantial. Although examples of cooperative research have existed for several decades, the number and variety of relationships have expanded rapidly in the 1980s as corporations, universities, and governments have embraced this strategy. Joint ventures involving two or three firms increased from under 200 per year in the 1970s to over 400 per year by the mid-1980s. Multiple-firm cooperative arrangements are a more recent phenomenon, made possible by the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984. By mid- 1988,81 of these industry-level consortia had formed under the provisions of the 1984 Act. The rapid growth in cooperative research and development (R&D) is primarily a response to the pressures of international competition. As a corporate strategy, cooperative R&D meets short-term needs for assets to implement new approaches for coping with intensifying competition.
 

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Contents

A TYPOLOGY OF INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT LABORATORY COOPERATIVE RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS FOR GOVERNMENT LABORAT...
3
FINANCING INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT COOPERATION IN INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
21
UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY RELATIONS A REVIEW OF MAJOR ISSUES
43
NATIONAL STRATEGIES
63
HISTORICAL AND ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH ACT
65
TECHNOLOGY POLICY AND COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH IN EUROPE
85
JOINT RD AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY IN JAPAN
103
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND INTERNATIONAL RIVALRY
127
IMPACTS ON INDUSTRIAL STRATEGIES
143
COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND HIGHTEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
145
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY A MULTINATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
167
COALITIONS COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE SEMICONDUCTOR IN...
187
About the Authors
209
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